Crop Production
Crop Production 

ISSN: 1936-3737

Released September 12, 2019, by the National Agricultural Statistics Service 
(NASS), Agricultural Statistics Board, United States Department of 
Agriculture (USDA).

Corn Production Down 1 Percent from August Forecast
Soybean Production Down 1 Percent 
Cotton Production Down 3 Percent

Corn production for grain is forecast at 13.8 billion bushels, down 1 percent 
from the previous forecast and down 4 percent from last year. Based on 
conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 168.2 bushels 
per harvested acre, down 1.3 bushels from the previous forecast and down 
8.2 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for grain is forecast at 82.0 million 
acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but up less than 1 percent from 
2018.

Soybean production for beans is forecast at 3.63 billion bushels, down 
1 percent from the previous forecast and down 20 percent from last year. 
Based on conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 
47.9 bushels per harvested acre, down 0.6 bushel from the previous forecast 
and down 3.7 bushels from 2018. Area harvested for beans is forecast at 75.9 
million acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but down 14 percent from 
2018.

All cotton production is forecast at 21.9 million 480-pound bales, down 
3 percent from the previous forecast but up 19 percent from 2018. Based on 
conditions as of September 1, yields are expected to average 839 pounds per 
harvested acre, down 16 pounds from the previous forecast and down 25 pounds 
from 2018. Upland cotton production is forecast at 21.1 million 480-pound 
bales, down 3 percent from the previous forecast but up 20 percent from 2018. 
Pima cotton production is forecast at 717,000 bales, down 9 percent from the 
previous forecast and down 10 percent from 2018. All cotton area harvested is 
forecast at 12.5 million acres, down 1 percent from the previous forecast but 
up 23 percent from 2018. All cotton planted area totaled 13.8 million acres, 
down 1 percent from the previous forecast and down 2 percent from 2018.

California Navel orange production for the 2019-2020 season is forecast at 
1.52 million tons (38.0 million boxes), down 7 percent from last season. This 
initial forecast is based on an objective measurement survey conducted in 
California's Central Valley from mid-June to the beginning of September. The 
objective measurement survey indicated that fruit set was below last year but 
the average fruit size was above last year. Harvest is expected to begin in 
October.

This report was approved on September 12, 2019.

Secretary of
Agriculture
Sonny Perdue

Agricultural Statistics Board
Chairperson
Joseph L. Parsons

Contents

Corn for Grain Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019.............................................................................................  6

Corn Production - United States Chart.........................................................................  7

Sorghum for Grain Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019.............................................................................................  7

Rice Area Planted and Harvested by Class - States and United States: 2018 and 2019............................  8

Rice Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019..  9

Rice Production by Class - United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019...............................  9

Soybeans for Beans Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019............................................................................................. 10

Soybean Production - United States Chart...................................................................... 11

Peanut Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2018 and 2019................................... 12

Peanut Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019............................................................................................. 12

Cotton Area Planted and Harvested by Type - States and United States: 2018 and 2019........................... 13

Cotton Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019............................................................................................. 14

Cottonseed Production - United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019.................................. 15

Cotton Production - United States Chart....................................................................... 15

Sugarbeet for Sugar Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019............................................................................................. 16

Sugarcane for Sugar and Seed Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and 
Forecasted September 1, 2019.................................................................................. 16

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019............................................................................................. 16

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class and Type - States and United States: 2018 and 
Forecasted September 1, 2019.................................................................................. 17

Lentil Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2018 and 2019................................... 18

Lentil Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019............................................................................................. 18

Dry Edible Pea Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2018 and 2019........................... 18

Dry Edible Pea Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019............................................................................................. 18

Chickpea Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2018 and 2019................................. 19

Chickpea Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019............................................................................................. 20

Utilized Production of Nuts by Crop - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019......... 21

Utilized Production of Oranges by Type - States and United States: 2018-2019 and Forecasted 
September 1, 2019............................................................................................. 21

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2018 and 2019....... 22

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States: 2018 and 2019......... 24

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2018 and 2019................................... 26

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units - United States: 2018 and 2019..................................... 27

Corn for Grain Plant Population per Acre - Selected States: 2015-2019......................................... 28

Corn for Grain Number of Ears per Acre - Selected States: 2015-2019........................................... 29

Soybean Pods with Beans per 18 Square Feet - Selected States: 2015-2019....................................... 30

Cotton Cumulative Boll Counts - Selected States: 2015-2019.................................................... 31

Percent of Normal Precipitation Map........................................................................... 32

Departure from Normal Temperature Map......................................................................... 32

August Weather Summary........................................................................................ 33

August Agricultural Summary................................................................................... 33

Crop Comments................................................................................................. 35

Statistical Methodology....................................................................................... 40

Reliability of September 1 Crop Production Forecasts.......................................................... 41

Information Contacts.......................................................................................... 42

This page intentionally left blank.

Corn for Grain Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and
Forecasted September 1, 2019
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  Area harvested   :          Yield per acre          :     Production      
                 :----------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State      :         :         :          :         2019          :          :          
                 :  2018   :  2019   :   2018   :-----------------------:   2018   :   2019   
                 :         :         :          : August 1  :September 1:          :          
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :    1,000 acres       ---------- bushels ----------    --- 1,000 bushels ---
                 :                                                                            
Alabama .........:    250       305     156.0       161.0       161.0        39,000     49,105
Arkansas ........:    645       750     181.0       180.0       177.0       116,745    132,750
California ......:     65        70     173.0       166.0       161.0        11,245     11,270
Colorado ........:  1,200     1,220     130.0       150.0       148.0       156,000    180,560
Delaware ........:    166       180     145.0       165.0       160.0        24,070     28,800
Georgia .........:    285       335     176.0       170.0       166.0        50,160     55,610
Idaho ...........:    135       120     213.0       210.0       200.0        28,755     24,000
Illinois ........: 10,850    10,450     210.0       181.0       180.0     2,278,500  1,881,000
Indiana .........:  5,200     4,900     189.0       166.0       161.0       982,800    788,900
Iowa ............: 12,800    13,200     196.0       191.0       191.0     2,508,800  2,521,200
                 :                                                                            
Kansas ..........:  5,000     6,000     129.0       135.0       136.0       645,000    816,000
Kentucky ........:  1,230     1,500     175.0       181.0       177.0       215,250    265,500
Louisiana .......:    450       550     173.0       181.0       166.0        77,850     91,300
Maryland ........:    390       430     146.0       170.0       165.0        56,940     70,950
Michigan ........:  1,940     1,700     153.0       155.0       148.0       296,820    251,600
Minnesota .......:  7,490     7,400     182.0       173.0       171.0     1,363,180  1,265,400
Mississippi .....:    465       615     185.0       176.0       176.0        86,025    108,240
Missouri ........:  3,330     3,060     140.0       160.0       160.0       466,200    489,600
Nebraska ........:  9,310     9,650     192.0       186.0       186.0     1,787,520  1,794,900
New York ........:    645       510     159.0       154.0       154.0       102,555     78,540
                 :                                                                            
North Carolina ..:    830       890     113.0       110.0       110.0        93,790     97,900
North Dakota ....:  2,930     3,270     153.0       146.0       145.0       448,290    474,150
Ohio ............:  3,300     2,590     187.0       160.0       158.0       617,100    409,220
Oklahoma ........:    280       315     134.0       145.0       140.0        37,520     44,100
Pennsylvania ....:    950       960     140.0       149.0       155.0       133,000    148,800
South Carolina ..:    310       345     127.0       109.0       117.0        39,370     40,365
South Dakota ....:  4,860     4,010     160.0       157.0       156.0       777,600    625,560
Tennessee .......:    690       920     168.0       174.0       175.0       115,920    161,000
Texas ...........:  1,750     2,050     108.0       145.0       140.0       189,000    287,000
Virginia ........:    325       375     146.0       147.0       149.0        47,450     55,875
Washington ......:     85        80     220.0       210.0       200.0        18,700     16,000
Wisconsin .......:  3,170     2,840     172.0       165.0       163.0       545,240    462,920
                 :                                                                            
Other States 1/ .:    414       427     153.9       167.3       166.4        63,706     71,036
                 :                                                                            
United States ...: 81,740    82,017     176.4       169.5       168.2    14,420,101 13,799,151
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Other States include Arizona, Florida, Montana, New Jersey, New Mexico, Oregon, Utah, West 
   Virginia, and Wyoming. Individual State level estimates will be published in the "Crop     
   Production 2019 Summary."                                                                  

Sorghum for Grain Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and
Forecasted September 1, 2019
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :   Area harvested    :          Yield per acre          :     Production      
                    :------------------------------------------------------------------------------
        State       :          :          :          :         2019          :          :          
                    :   2018   :   2019   :   2018   :-----------------------:   2018   :   2019   
                    :          :          :          : August 1  :September 1:          :          
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :     1,000 acres        ---------- bushels ----------        1,000 bushels    
                    :                                                                              
Arkansas 1/ ........:     10       (NA)       77.0        (NA)        (NA)         770       (NA)  
Colorado ...........:    325        335       53.0        50.0        48.0      17,225     16,080  
Georgia 1/ .........:     15       (NA)       53.0        (NA)        (NA)         795       (NA)  
Illinois 1/ ........:     16       (NA)      111.0        (NA)        (NA)       1,776       (NA)  
Kansas .............:  2,650      2,400       88.0        79.0        82.0     233,200    196,800  
Louisiana 1/ .......:      6       (NA)       84.0        (NA)        (NA)         504       (NA)  
Mississippi 1/ .....:      3       (NA)       90.0        (NA)        (NA)         270       (NA)  
Missouri 1/ ........:     21       (NA)      100.0        (NA)        (NA)       2,100       (NA)  
Nebraska ...........:    170        165       94.0        94.0        93.0      15,980     15,345  
New Mexico 1/ ......:     47       (NA)       38.0        (NA)        (NA)       1,786       (NA)  
                    :                                                                              
North Carolina 1/ ..:      8       (NA)       60.0        (NA)        (NA)         480       (NA)  
Oklahoma ...........:    240        265       50.0        53.0        53.0      12,000     14,045  
South Dakota .......:    200        170       80.0        77.0        83.0      16,000     14,110  
Texas ..............:  1,350      1,400       46.0        72.0        68.0      62,100     95,200  
                    :                                                                              
United States ......:  5,061      4,735       72.1        73.9        74.3     364,986    351,580  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                               

Rice Area Planted and Harvested by Class - States and United States: 2018 and 2019
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :         Area planted          :        Area harvested         
  Class and State :---------------------------------------------------------------
                  :     2018      :     2019      :     2018      :    2019 1/    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                          1,000 acres                          
                  :                                                               
Long grain        :                                                               
Arkansas .........:     1,250             950           1,245             935     
California .......:        11               9              11               9     
Louisiana ........:       395             370             392             361     
Mississippi ......:       140             115             139             114     
Missouri .........:       215             180             211             166     
Texas ............:       187             155             183             151     
                  :                                                               
United States ....:     2,198           1,779           2,181           1,736     
                  :                                                               
Medium grain      :                                                               
Arkansas .........:       190             205             181             190     
California .......:       455             455             453             452     
Louisiana ........:        45              55              44              54     
Mississippi ......:         -               2               -               2     
Missouri .........:         9               7               9               7     
Texas ............:         8               4               6               3     
                  :                                                               
United States ....:       707             728             693             708     
                  :                                                               
Short grain 2/    :                                                               
Arkansas .........:         1               1               1               1     
California .......:        40              32              40              32     
                  :                                                               
United States ....:        41              33              41              33     
                  :                                                               
All               :                                                               
Arkansas .........:     1,441           1,156           1,427           1,126     
California .......:       506             496             504             493     
Louisiana ........:       440             425             436             415     
Mississippi ......:       140             117             139             116     
Missouri .........:       224             187             220             173     
Texas ............:       195             159             189             154     
                  :                                                               
United States ....:     2,946           2,540           2,915           2,477     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-  Represents zero.                                                               
1/ Forecasted.                                                                    
2/ Includes sweet rice.                                                           

Rice Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted
September 1, 2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :   Area harvested    :            Yield per acre            :    Production 1/    
              :----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State    :          :          :            :          2019           :          :          
              :   2018   :   2019   :    2018    :-------------------------:   2018   :   2019   
              :          :          :            :  August 1  :September 1 :          :          
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :     1,000 acres         ------------ pounds -----------      ---- 1,000 cwt ---  
              :                                                                                  
Arkansas .....:  1,427      1,126       7,520        7,450        7,450      107,325     83,887  
California ...:    504        493       8,620        8,700        8,700       43,425     42,891  
Louisiana ....:    436        415       7,130        6,700        6,700       31,094     27,805  
Mississippi ..:    139        116       7,350        7,350        7,350       10,217      8,526  
Missouri .....:    220        173       7,770        7,300        7,500       17,090     12,975  
Texas ........:    189        154       7,970        7,900        7,300       15,060     11,242  
              :                                                                                  
United States :  2,915      2,477       7,692        7,577        7,563      224,211    187,326  
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Includes sweet rice production.                                                               

Rice Production by Class - United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                :                :                :                
    Year    :   Long grain   :  Medium grain  : Short grain 1/ :      All       
            :                :                :                :                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
            :                             1,000 cwt                             
            :                                                                   
2018 .......:    163,956           57,339           2,916           224,211     
2019 2/ ....:    126,650           58,408           2,268           187,326     
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Sweet rice production included with short grain.                             
2/ The 2019 rice production by class forecasts are based on class harvested     
   acreage estimates and the 5-year average class yield compared to the all rice
   yield.                                                                       

Soybeans for Beans Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018
and Forecasted September 1, 2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  Area harvested   :         Yield per acre          :    Production     
                 :-------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State      :         :         :         :         2019          :         :         
                 :  2018   :  2019   :  2018   :-----------------------:  2018   :  2019   
                 :         :         :         : August 1  :September 1:         :         
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :    1,000 acres       ---------- bushels ---------    -- 1,000 bushels --
                 :                                                                         
Alabama .........:    340       275     41.0        44.0        44.0       13,940    12,100
Arkansas ........:  3,240     2,650     51.0        51.0        50.0      165,240   132,500
Delaware ........:    168       158     42.0        42.0        45.0        7,056     7,110
Florida 1/ ......:     12      (NA)     38.0        (NA)        (NA)          456      (NA)
Georgia .........:    135       105     40.0        38.0        33.0        5,400     3,465
Illinois ........: 10,750     9,940     65.0        55.0        53.0      698,750   526,820
Indiana .........:  5,920     5,370     58.5        50.0        49.0      346,320   263,130
Iowa ............:  9,910     9,130     57.0        55.0        54.0      564,870   493,020
Kansas ..........:  4,700     4,550     43.5        42.0        44.0      204,450   200,200
Kentucky ........:  1,990     1,690     52.0        53.0        53.0      103,480    89,570
                 :                                                                         
Louisiana .......:  1,200       870     52.0        51.0        49.0       62,400    42,630
Maryland ........:    515       505     47.5        48.0        44.0       24,463    22,220
Michigan ........:  2,280     1,720     48.0        45.0        42.0      109,440    72,240
Minnesota .......:  7,710     6,820     50.5        46.0        45.0      389,355   306,900
Mississippi .....:  2,190     1,670     54.5        53.0        51.0      119,355    85,170
Missouri ........:  5,800     5,030     45.0        45.0        46.0      261,000   231,380
Nebraska ........:  5,650     4,950     59.0        58.0        58.0      333,350   287,100
New Jersey ......:    103        98     40.0        42.0        42.0        4,120     4,116
New York ........:    320       235     52.5        45.0        47.0       16,800    11,045
North Carolina ..:  1,570     1,530     34.0        38.0        38.0       53,380    58,140
                 :                                                                         
North Dakota ....:  6,860     5,650     35.5        35.0        35.0      243,530   197,750
Ohio ............:  4,980     4,170     58.0        48.0        48.0      288,840   200,160
Oklahoma ........:    600       430     30.0        26.0        26.0       18,000    11,180
Pennsylvania ....:    630       625     45.0        48.0        48.0       28,350    30,000
South Carolina ..:    375       340     29.5        31.0        34.0       11,063    11,560
South Dakota ....:  5,580     3,460     46.0        45.0        44.0      256,680   152,240
Tennessee .......:  1,670     1,470     46.0        50.0        50.0       76,820    73,500
Texas ...........:    135        85     32.0        38.0        29.0        4,320     2,465
Virginia ........:    590       560     43.0        43.0        38.0       25,370    21,280
West Virginia 1/ :     27      (NA)     53.5        (NA)        (NA)        1,445      (NA)
Wisconsin .......:  2,160     1,780     49.0        47.0        47.0      105,840    83,660
                 :                                                                         
United States ...: 88,110    75,866     51.6        48.5        47.9    4,543,883 3,632,651
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                        
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                       

Peanut Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2018 and 2019
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      2018       :      2019       :      2018       :     2019 1/     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres                              
                  :                                                                       
Alabama ..........:       165.0             160.0             162.0             157.0     
Arkansas .........:        26.0              35.0              23.0              34.0     
Florida ..........:       155.0             165.0             140.0             155.0     
Georgia ..........:       665.0             670.0             650.0             660.0     
Mississippi ......:        25.0              20.0              24.0              19.0     
New Mexico .......:         5.5               5.0               5.5               5.0     
North Carolina ...:       102.0             104.0              98.0             101.0     
Oklahoma .........:        16.0              16.0              15.0              15.0     
South Carolina ...:        87.0              65.0              82.0              62.0     
Texas ............:       155.0             160.0             145.0             150.0     
Virginia .........:        24.0              25.0              24.0              25.0     
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:     1,425.5           1,425.0           1,368.5           1,383.0     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Forecasted.                                                                            

Peanut Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted
September 1, 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :   Area harvested    :          Yield per acre           :     Production      
                  :-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
       State      :          :          :           :         2019          :          :          
                  :   2018   :   2019   :   2018    :-----------------------:   2018   :   2019   
                  :          :          :           : August 1  :September 1:          :          
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  : --- 1,000 acres --      ----------- pounds ----------    --- 1,000 pounds --- 
                  :                                                                               
Alabama ..........:   162.0      157.0      3,400       3,300       3,400      550,800    533,800 
Arkansas .........:    23.0       34.0      5,000       5,000       5,000      115,000    170,000 
Florida ..........:   140.0      155.0      3,600       4,000       4,000      504,000    620,000 
Georgia ..........:   650.0      660.0      4,450       4,400       4,400    2,892,500  2,904,000 
Mississippi ......:    24.0       19.0      4,000       4,000       4,300       96,000     81,700 
New Mexico .......:     5.5        5.0      3,000       3,200       3,200       16,500     16,000 
North Carolina ...:    98.0      101.0      3,900       3,800       4,200      382,200    424,200 
Oklahoma .........:    15.0       15.0      3,100       3,700       3,700       46,500     55,500 
South Carolina ...:    82.0       62.0      3,400       3,500       3,600      278,800    223,200 
Texas ............:   145.0      150.0      3,300       3,400       3,500      478,500    525,000 
Virginia .........:    24.0       25.0      4,200       4,000       3,900      100,800     97,500 
                  :                                                                               
United States ....: 1,368.5    1,383.0      3,991       4,008       4,086    5,461,600  5,650,900 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cotton Area Planted and Harvested by Type - States and United States: 2018 and 2019
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :           Area planted            :          Area harvested           
       State      :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :      2018       :      2019       :      2018       :     2019 1/     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                  :                              1,000 acres                              
                  :                                                                       
Upland            :                                                                       
Alabama ..........:       510.0             540.0             497.0             535.0     
Arizona ..........:       160.0             160.0             159.0             159.0     
Arkansas .........:       485.0             620.0             480.0             610.0     
California .......:        48.0              55.0              47.0              54.0     
Florida ..........:       117.0             113.0              93.0             111.0     
Georgia ..........:     1,430.0           1,400.0           1,305.0           1,390.0     
Kansas ...........:       165.0             175.0             152.0             160.0     
Louisiana ........:       195.0             280.0             189.0             270.0     
Mississippi ......:       620.0             720.0             615.0             710.0     
Missouri .........:       325.0             380.0             322.0             368.0     
                  :                                                                       
New Mexico .......:        77.0              63.0              56.0              45.0     
North Carolina ...:       430.0             510.0             415.0             495.0     
Oklahoma .........:       780.0             650.0             550.0             575.0     
South Carolina ...:       300.0             300.0             275.0             295.0     
Tennessee ........:       360.0             410.0             355.0             400.0     
Texas ............:     7,750.0           7,050.0           4,350.0           6,000.0     
Virginia .........:        98.0             105.0              97.0             104.0     
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:    13,850.0          13,531.0           9,957.0          12,281.0     
                  :                                                                       
American Pima     :                                                                       
Arizona ..........:        14.5               8.0              14.5               8.0     
California .......:       211.0             205.0             210.0             204.0     
New Mexico .......:         6.8               5.5               6.8               5.4     
Texas ............:        18.0              12.0              17.5              11.0     
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:       250.3             230.5             248.8             228.4     
                  :                                                                       
All               :                                                                       
Alabama ..........:       510.0             540.0             497.0             535.0     
Arizona ..........:       174.5             168.0             173.5             167.0     
Arkansas .........:       485.0             620.0             480.0             610.0     
California .......:       259.0             260.0             257.0             258.0     
Florida ..........:       117.0             113.0              93.0             111.0     
Georgia ..........:     1,430.0           1,400.0           1,305.0           1,390.0     
Kansas ...........:       165.0             175.0             152.0             160.0     
Louisiana ........:       195.0             280.0             189.0             270.0     
Mississippi ......:       620.0             720.0             615.0             710.0     
Missouri .........:       325.0             380.0             322.0             368.0     
                  :                                                                       
New Mexico .......:        83.8              68.5              62.8              50.4     
North Carolina ...:       430.0             510.0             415.0             495.0     
Oklahoma .........:       780.0             650.0             550.0             575.0     
South Carolina ...:       300.0             300.0             275.0             295.0     
Tennessee ........:       360.0             410.0             355.0             400.0     
Texas ............:     7,768.0           7,062.0           4,367.5           6,011.0     
Virginia .........:        98.0             105.0              97.0             104.0     
                  :                                                                       
United States ....:    14,100.3          13,761.5          10,205.8          12,509.4     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Forecasted.                                                                            

Cotton Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Type - States and United States: 2018 and
Forecasted September 1, 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  Area harvested   :         Yield per acre         :    Production 1/    
                 :--------------------------------------------------------------------------
  Type and State :         :         :        :         2019          :          :          
                 :  2018   :  2019   :  2018  :-----------------------:   2018   :   2019   
                 :         :         :        : August 1  :September 1:          :          
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :--- 1,000 acres --   ---------- pounds ----------        1,000 bales 2/   
                 :                                                                          
Upland           :                                                                          
Alabama .........:   497.0     535.0     858        942         942        888.0    1,050.0 
Arizona .........:   159.0     159.0   1,319      1,527       1,509        437.0      500.0 
Arkansas ........:   480.0     610.0   1,133      1,157       1,157      1,133.0    1,470.0 
California ......:    47.0      54.0   1,910      1,895       1,644        187.0      185.0 
Florida .........:    93.0     111.0     532        915         908        103.0      210.0 
Georgia .........: 1,305.0   1,390.0     719        932         932      1,955.0    2,700.0 
Kansas ..........:   152.0     160.0   1,077        952         960        341.0      320.0 
Louisiana .......:   189.0     270.0   1,067        978         978        420.0      550.0 
Mississippi .....:   615.0     710.0   1,141      1,115       1,115      1,462.0    1,650.0 
Missouri ........:   322.0     368.0   1,373      1,239       1,304        921.0    1,000.0 
                 :                                                                          
New Mexico ......:    56.0      45.0     977      1,067       1,067        114.0      100.0 
North Carolina ..:   415.0     495.0     812        912         931        702.0      960.0 
Oklahoma ........:   550.0     575.0     595        835         651        682.0      780.0 
South Carolina ..:   275.0     295.0     733        895         830        420.0      510.0 
Tennessee .......:   355.0     400.0   1,041      1,128       1,116        770.0      930.0 
Texas ...........: 4,350.0   6,000.0     756        661         640      6,850.0    8,000.0 
Virginia ........:    97.0     104.0     896      1,015       1,062        181.0      230.0 
                 :                                                                          
United States ...: 9,957.0  12,281.0     847        843         826     17,566.0   21,145.0 
                 :                                                                          
American Pima    :                                                                          
Arizona .........:    14.5       8.0     943      1,013       1,020         28.5       17.0 
California ......:   210.0     204.0   1,662      1,530       1,576        727.0      670.0 
New Mexico ......:     6.8       5.4     812        835         800         11.5        9.0 
Texas ...........:    17.5      11.0     933        960         916         34.0       21.0 
                 :                                                                          
United States ...:   248.8     228.4   1,545      1,462       1,507        801.0      717.0 
                 :                                                                          
All              :                                                                          
Alabama .........:   497.0     535.0     858        942         942        888.0    1,050.0 
Arizona .........:   173.5     167.0   1,288      1,499       1,486        465.5      517.0 
Arkansas ........:   480.0     610.0   1,133      1,157       1,157      1,133.0    1,470.0 
California ......:   257.0     258.0   1,707      1,583       1,591        914.0      855.0 
Florida .........:    93.0     111.0     532        915         908        103.0      210.0 
Georgia .........: 1,305.0   1,390.0     719        932         932      1,955.0    2,700.0 
Kansas ..........:   152.0     160.0   1,077        952         960        341.0      320.0 
Louisiana .......:   189.0     270.0   1,067        978         978        420.0      550.0 
Mississippi .....:   615.0     710.0   1,141      1,115       1,115      1,462.0    1,650.0 
Missouri ........:   322.0     368.0   1,373      1,239       1,304        921.0    1,000.0 
                 :                                                                          
New Mexico ......:    62.8      50.4     959      1,036       1,038        125.5      109.0 
North Carolina ..:   415.0     495.0     812        912         931        702.0      960.0 
Oklahoma ........:   550.0     575.0     595        835         651        682.0      780.0 
South Carolina ..:   275.0     295.0     733        895         830        420.0      510.0 
Tennessee .......:   355.0     400.0   1,041      1,128       1,116        770.0      930.0 
Texas ...........: 4,367.5   6,011.0     757        662         641      6,884.0    8,021.0 
Virginia ........:    97.0     104.0     896      1,015       1,062        181.0      230.0 
                 :                                                                          
United States ...:10,205.8  12,509.4     864        855         839     18,367.0   21,862.0 
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production ginned and to be ginned.                                                      
2/ 480-pound net weight bale.                                                               

Cottonseed Production - United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                        Production                         
      State      :-----------------------------------------------------------
                 :            2018             :           2019 1/           
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :                        1,000 tons                         
                 :                                                           
United States ...:           5,631.0                       6,770.0           
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Based on a 3-year average lint-seed ratio.                                

Sugarbeet for Sugar Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and
Forecasted September 1, 2019
[Relates to year of intended harvest in all States except California]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :  Area harvested   :           Yield per acre            :      Production       
               :---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :         :         :         :           2019            :           :           
               :  2018   :  2019   :  2018   :---------------------------:   2018    :   2019    
               :         :         :         :  August 1   : September 1 :           :           
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               : -- 1,000 acres --    ------------ tons ------------        --- 1,000 tons ---   
               :                                                                                 
California 1/ .:    24.6      24.2    44.4        43.1          43.9         1,092       1,062   
Colorado ......:    25.5      24.5    32.6        31.3          33.0           831         809   
Idaho .........:   163.0     166.0    40.5        40.9          40.2         6,602       6,673   
Michigan ......:   147.0     145.0    29.1        29.9          28.1         4,278       4,075   
Minnesota .....:   408.0     421.0    25.7        27.5          26.7        10,486      11,241   
Montana .......:    42.4      41.5    31.1        33.5          31.5         1,319       1,307   
Nebraska ......:    44.1      43.2    31.9        31.6          28.1         1,407       1,214   
North Dakota ..:   199.0     209.0    28.8        29.3          28.0         5,731       5,852   
Oregon ........:     9.3       9.7    39.4        38.4          39.2           366         380   
Washington ....:     1.8       2.0    48.2        46.7          48.2            87          96   
Wyoming .......:    30.7      30.6    30.8        29.2          27.4           946         838   
               :                                                                                 
United States .: 1,095.4   1,116.7    30.3        31.1          30.0        33,145      33,547   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Relates to year of planting for overwintered beets in southern California.                    

Sugarcane for Sugar and Seed Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States:
2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :  Area harvested   :          Yield per acre 1/          :     Production 1/     
               :---------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :         :         :         :           2019            :           :           
               :  2018   :  2019   :  2018   :---------------------------:   2018    :   2019    
               :         :         :         :  August 1   : September 1 :           :           
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :    1,000 acres       ------------ tons ------------        --- 1,000 tons ---   
               :                                                                                 
Florida .......:  412.3     411.0     41.9        43.3          44.1        17,256      18,125   
Louisiana .....:  448.5     475.0     35.4        32.5          32.4        15,861      15,390   
Texas .........:   38.9      33.5     36.6        38.2          37.0         1,425       1,240   
               :                                                                                 
United States .:  899.7     919.5     38.4        37.5          37.8        34,542      34,755   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Net tons.                                                                                     

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and
Forecasted September 1, 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 :  Area harvested   :         Yield per acre         :     Production      
                 :--------------------------------------------------------------------------
      State      :         :         :        :         2019          :          :          
                 :  2018   :  2019   :  2018  :-----------------------:   2018   :   2019   
                 :         :         :        : August 1  :September 1:          :          
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                 : ----- acres -----   ---------- pounds ----------     -- 1,000 pounds --  
                 :                                                                          
Georgia .........:  12,500     9,000   1,900      2,000       2,000      23,750     18,000  
Kentucky ........:  68,100    59,500   1,973      2,275       2,196     134,370    130,690  
North Carolina ..: 152,750   118,400   1,649      1,999       1,999     251,925    236,640  
Pennsylvania ....:   7,800     5,700   2,231      2,300       2,326      17,400     13,260  
South Carolina ..:  12,300     8,500   1,800      2,000       2,000      22,140     17,000  
Tennessee .......:  15,700    13,800   2,523      2,448       2,332      39,610     32,180  
Virginia ........:  22,280    16,020   1,977      2,088       2,181      44,046     34,932  
                 :                                                                          
United States ...: 291,430   230,920   1,830      2,110       2,090     533,241    482,702  
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Tobacco Area Harvested, Yield, and Production by Class and Type - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted
September 1, 2019
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :   Area harvested    :            Yield per acre            :     Production      
                                        :----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
         Class, type, and State         :          :          :          :           2019            :          :          
                                        :   2018   :   2019   :   2018   :---------------------------:   2018   :   2019   
                                        :          :          :          :  August 1   : September 1 :          :          
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        : ------ acres -----     ------------ pounds ------------      -- 1,000 pounds --  
                                        :                                                                                  
Class 1, Flue-cured (11-14)             :                                                                                  
Georgia ................................:  12,500      9,000     1,900        2,000         2,000       23,750     18,000  
North Carolina .........................: 152,000    118,000     1,650        2,000         2,000      250,800    236,000  
South Carolina .........................:  12,300      8,500     1,800        2,000         2,000       22,140     17,000  
Virginia ...............................:  21,000     15,000     2,000        2,100         2,200       42,000     33,000  
                                        :                                                                                  
United States ..........................: 197,800    150,500     1,712        2,011         2,020      338,690    304,000  
                                        :                                                                                  
Class 2, Fire-cured (21-23)             :                                                                                  
Kentucky ...............................:  11,000      9,300     3,200        3,200         3,100       35,200     28,830  
Tennessee ..............................:   7,600      6,400     3,050        2,700         2,700       23,180     17,280  
Virginia ...............................:     280        320     1,950        2,100         2,100          546        672  
                                        :                                                                                  
United States ..........................:  18,880     16,020     3,121        2,978         2,920       58,926     46,782  
                                        :                                                                                  
Class 3A, Light air-cured               :                                                                                  
Type 31, Burley                         :                                                                                  
  Kentucky .............................:  50,000     43,000     1,600        2,000         1,900       80,000     81,700  
  North Carolina .......................:     750        400     1,500        1,800         1,600        1,125        640  
  Pennsylvania .........................:   4,000      2,500     2,200        2,300         2,400        8,800      6,000  
  Tennessee ............................:   5,300      4,000     1,700        2,000         1,600        9,010      6,400  
  Virginia .............................:   1,000        700     1,500        1,800         1,800        1,500      1,260  
                                        :                                                                                  
  United States ........................:  61,050     50,600     1,645        2,010         1,897      100,435     96,000  
                                        :                                                                                  
Type 32, Southern Maryland Belt         :                                                                                  
  Pennsylvania .........................:   1,400      1,000     2,200        2,300         2,200        3,080      2,200  
                                        :                                                                                  
  United States ........................:   1,400      1,000     2,200        2,300         2,200        3,080      2,200  
                                        :                                                                                  
Total light air-cured (31-32) .......   :  62,450     51,600     1,658        2,015         1,903      103,515     98,200  
                                        :                                                                                  
Class 3B, Dark air-cured (35-37)        :                                                                                  
Kentucky ...............................:   7,100      7,200     2,700        2,800         2,800       19,170     20,160  
Tennessee ..............................:   2,800      3,400     2,650        2,500         2,500        7,420      8,500  
                                        :                                                                                  
United States ..........................:   9,900     10,600     2,686        2,704         2,704       26,590     28,660  
                                        :                                                                                  
Class 4, Cigar filler                   :                                                                                  
Type 41, Pennsylvania Seedleaf          :                                                                                  
  Pennsylvania .........................:   2,400      2,200     2,300        2,300         2,300        5,520      5,060  
                                        :                                                                                  
  United States ........................:   2,400      2,200     2,300        2,300         2,300        5,520      5,060  
                                        :                                                                                  
All tobacco                             :                                                                                  
United States ..........................: 291,430    230,920     1,830        2,110         2,090      533,241    482,702  
---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Lentil Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2018 and 2019
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :          Area planted           :         Area harvested          
     State    :-------------------------------------------------------------------
              :      2018      :      2019      :      2018      :    2019 1/     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :                            1,000 acres                            
              :                                                                   
Idaho ........:      35.0             34.0             34.0             33.0      
Montana ......:     500.0            290.0            450.0            275.0      
North Dakota .:     185.0             95.0            175.0             90.0      
Washington ...:      60.0             62.0             59.0             61.0      
              :                                                                   
United States :     780.0            481.0            718.0            459.0      
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Forecasted.                                                                    

Lentil Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :         Area harvested          :         Yield per acre          :           Production            
     State    :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :      2018      :      2019      :      2018      :      2019      :      2018      :      2019      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
              :     ----- 1,000 acres ----            ------- pounds -------            ------ 1,000 cwt -----      
              :                                                                                                     
Idaho ........:      34.0             33.0            1,300            1,200              442              396      
Montana ......:     450.0            275.0            1,080            1,460            4,860            4,015      
North Dakota .:     175.0             90.0            1,370            1,600            2,398            1,440      
Washington ...:      59.0             61.0            1,200            1,150              708              702      
              :                                                                                                     
United States :     718.0            459.0            1,171            1,428            8,408            6,553      
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Dry Edible Pea Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2018 and 2019
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published. For 2018,
excludes both wrinkled seed peas and Austrian winter peas. For 2019, wrinkled seed
peas and Austrian Winter peas included]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :          Area planted           :         Area harvested          
      State     :-------------------------------------------------------------------
                :      2018      :      2019      :      2018      :    2019 1/     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :                            1,000 acres                            
                :                                                                   
Idaho ..........:       8.0              28.0             7.6              27.0     
Montana ........:     335.0             530.0           310.0             500.0     
Nebraska .......:      58.0              30.0            49.0              27.0     
North Dakota ...:     375.0             420.0           365.0             405.0     
Oregon 2/ ......:       6.5              (NA)             6.3              (NA)     
South Dakota ...:      22.0              16.0            19.0              15.0     
Washington .....:      52.0              73.0            51.0              72.0     
                :                                                                   
United States ..:     856.5           1,097.0           807.9           1,046.0     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                 
1/   Forecasted.                                                                    
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                

Dry Edible Pea Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019
[For 2018, excludes both wrinkled seed peas and Austrian winter peas. For 2019, wrinkled seed peas and Austrian
Winter peas included]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :         Area harvested          :         Yield per acre          :           Production            
      State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :      2018      :      2019      :      2018      :      2019      :      2018      :      2019      
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                :     ----- 1,000 acres -----           ------- pounds -------            ------ 1,000 cwt ------     
                :                                                                                                     
Idaho ..........:       7.6              27.0           2,300            2,400               175              648     
Montana ........:     310.0             500.0           1,620            1,750             5,022            8,750     
Nebraska .......:      49.0              27.0           1,840            2,400               902              648     
North Dakota ...:     365.0             405.0           2,200            2,500             8,030           10,125     
Oregon 1/ ......:       6.3              (NA)           2,000             (NA)               126             (NA)     
South Dakota ...:      19.0              15.0           2,100            2,600               399              390     
Washington .....:      51.0              72.0           2,500            2,400             1,275            1,728     
                :                                                                                                     
United States ..:     807.9           1,046.0           1,972            2,131            15,929           22,289     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                                                   
1/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                                                  

Chickpea Area Planted and Harvested - States and United States: 2018 and 2019
[Includes updates to planted and harvested area previously published. Beginning in
2019, chickpeas are excluded from dry edible beans]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :        Area planted         :       Area harvested        
      Size and State     :-----------------------------------------------------------
                         :     2018     :     2019     :     2018     :   2019 1/    
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :                        1,000 acres                        
                         :                                                           
Small chickpeas 2/       :                                                           
California ..............:        -             (D)             -             (D)    
Colorado 3/ .............:        -            (NA)             -            (NA)    
Idaho ...................:     62.0            20.0          61.7            19.9    
Michigan 3/ .............:        -            (NA)             -            (NA)    
Minnesota 3/ ............:        -            (NA)             -            (NA)    
Montana .................:      (D)            52.0           (D)            50.0    
Nebraska 3/ .............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)            (NA)    
North Dakota ............:     18.4             (D)          17.8             (D)    
Texas 3/ ................:        -            (NA)             -            (NA)    
Washington ..............:     70.0            25.0          69.8            24.9    
Wyoming 3/ ..............:        -            (NA)             -            (NA)    
                         :                                                           
Other States 4/ .........:     72.3             9.0          70.3             8.5    
                         :                                                           
United States ...........:    222.7           106.0         219.6           103.3    
                         :                                                           
Large chickpeas 5/       :                                                           
California ..............:     15.1             (D)          15.0             (D)    
Colorado 3/ .............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)            (NA)    
Idaho ...................:     72.0            68.0          71.5            67.5    
Michigan 3/ .............:        -            (NA)             -            (NA)    
Minnesota 3/ ............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)            (NA)    
Montana .................:      (D)           144.0           (D)           141.0    
Nebraska 3/ .............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)            (NA)    
North Dakota ............:     96.0             (D)          90.0             (D)    
Texas 3/ ................:        -            (NA)             -            (NA)    
Washington ..............:    120.0            83.0         119.5            82.5    
Wyoming 3/ ..............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)            (NA)    
                         :                                                           
Other States 4/ .........:    333.8            44.2         327.2            42.7    
                         :                                                           
United States ...........:    636.9           339.2         623.2           333.7    
                         :                                                           
All chickpeas            :                                                           
California ..............:     15.1            12.2          15.0            12.2    
Colorado 3/ .............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)            (NA)    
Idaho ...................:    134.0            88.0         133.2            87.4    
Michigan 3/ .............:        -            (NA)             -            (NA)    
Minnesota 3/ ............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)            (NA)    
Montana .................:    390.0           196.0         382.0           191.0    
Nebraska 3/ .............:     12.5            (NA)          12.0            (NA)    
North Dakota ............:    114.4            41.0         107.8            39.0    
Texas 3/ ................:        -            (NA)             -            (NA)    
Washington ..............:    190.0           108.0         189.3           107.4    
Wyoming 3/ ..............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)            (NA)    
                         :                                                           
Other States 4/ .........:      3.6               -           3.5               -    
                         :                                                           
United States ...........:    859.6           445.2         842.8           437.0    
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                                                
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                    
(NA) Not available.                                                                  
1/   Forecasted.                                                                     
2/   Chickpeas smaller than 20/64 inches.                                            
3/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                 
4/   Includes data withheld above.                                                   
5/   Chickpeas larger than 20/64 inches.                                             

Chickpea Area Harvested, Yield, and Production - States and United States: 2018 and Forecasted September 1, 2019
[Beginning in 2019, chickpeas are excluded from dry edible beans]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :       Area harvested        :       Yield per acre        :         Production          
      Size and State     :-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :     2018     :     2019     :     2018     :     2019     :     2018     :     2019     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                         :    ---- 1,000 acres ----         ------ pounds ------          ----- 1,000 cwt ----     
                         :                                                                                         
Small chickpeas 1/       :                                                                                         
California ..............:        -             (D)             -            (D)               -           (D)     
Colorado 2/ .............:        -            (NA)             -           (NA)               -          (NA)     
Idaho ...................:     61.7            19.9         1,550          1,540             956           306     
Michigan 2/ .............:        -            (NA)             -           (NA)               -          (NA)     
Minnesota 2/ ............:        -            (NA)             -           (NA)               -          (NA)     
Montana .................:      (D)            50.0           (D)          1,840             (D)           920     
Nebraska 2/ .............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)           (NA)             (D)          (NA)     
North Dakota ............:     17.8             (D)         1,850            (D)             329           (D)     
Texas 2/ ................:        -            (NA)             -           (NA)               -          (NA)     
Washington ..............:     69.8            24.9         1,730          1,530           1,208           381     
Wyoming 2/ ..............:        -            (NA)             -           (NA)               -          (NA)     
                         :                                                                                         
Other States 3/ .........:     70.3             8.5         1,105          2,035             777           173     
                         :                                                                                         
United States ...........:    219.6           103.3         1,489          1,723           3,270         1,780     
                         :                                                                                         
Large chickpeas 4/       :                                                                                         
California ..............:     15.0             (D)         2,770            (D)             416           (D)     
Colorado 2/ .............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)           (NA)             (D)          (NA)     
Idaho ...................:     71.5            67.5         1,280          1,290             915           871     
Michigan 2/ .............:        -            (NA)             -           (NA)               -          (NA)     
Minnesota 2/ ............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)           (NA)             (D)          (NA)     
Montana .................:      (D)           141.0           (D)          1,680             (D)         2,369     
Nebraska 2/ .............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)           (NA)             (D)          (NA)     
North Dakota ............:     90.0             (D)         1,720            (D)           1,548           (D)     
Texas 2/ ................:        -            (NA)             -           (NA)               -          (NA)     
Washington ..............:    119.5            82.5         1,650          1,630           1,972         1,345     
Wyoming 2/ ..............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)           (NA)             (D)          (NA)     
                         :                                                                                         
Other States 3/ .........:    327.2            42.7         1,412          1,895           4,621           809     
                         :                                                                                         
United States ...........:    623.2           333.7         1,520          1,616           9,472         5,394     
                         :                                                                                         
All chickpeas            :                                                                                         
California ..............:     15.0            12.2         2,770          2,640             416           322     
Colorado 2/ .............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)           (NA)             (D)          (NA)     
Idaho ...................:    133.2            87.4         1,400          1,350           1,871         1,177     
Michigan 2/ .............:        -            (NA)             -           (NA)               -          (NA)     
Minnesota 2/ ............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)           (NA)             (D)          (NA)     
Montana .................:    382.0           191.0         1,350          1,720           5,138         3,289     
Nebraska 2/ .............:     12.0            (NA)         1,940           (NA)             233          (NA)     
North Dakota ............:    107.8            39.0         1,740          1,690           1,877           660     
Texas 2/ ................:        -            (NA)             -           (NA)               -          (NA)     
Washington ..............:    189.3           107.4         1,680          1,610           3,180         1,726     
Wyoming 2/ ..............:      (D)            (NA)           (D)           (NA)             (D)          (NA)     
                         :                                                                                         
Other States 3/ .........:      3.5               -           771              -              27             -     
                         :                                                                                         
United States ...........:    842.8           437.0         1,512          1,642          12,742         7,174     
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
-    Represents zero.                                                                                              
(D)  Withheld to avoid disclosing data for individual operations.                                                  
(NA) Not available.                                                                                                
1/   Chickpeas smaller than 20/64 inches.                                                                          
2/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                                               
3/   Includes data withheld above.                                                                                 
4/   Chickpeas larger than 20/64 inches.                                                                           

Utilized Production of Nuts by Crop - States and United States: 2018
and Forecasted September 1, 2019
----------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :          Utilized Production          
        Crop and State        :---------------------------------------
                              :       2018        :       2019        
----------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :                 tons                  
                              :                                       
Hazelnuts in-shell basis      :                                       
Oregon .......................:       51,000              49,000      
                              :                                       
United States ................:       51,000              49,000      
                              :                                       
Walnuts in-shell basis        :                                       
California ...................:      676,000             630,000      
                              :                                       
United States ................:      676,000             630,000      
----------------------------------------------------------------------

Utilized Production of Oranges by Type - States and United States: 2018-2019 and
Forecasted September 1, 2019
[The crop year begins with the bloom of the first year shown and ends with the completion of
harvest the following year. Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :   Utilized production boxes 1/    :Utilized production ton equivalent 
       State and type       :-----------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :    2018-2019    :    2019-2020    :    2018-2019    :    2019-2020    
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                            :     ------ 1,000 boxes -----             ------ 1,000 tons -----      
California, all ............:      49,800                              1,992                        
  Early, mid, and Navel 2/ .:      40,800           38,000             1,632             1,520      
  Valencia .................:       9,000                                360                        
                            :                                                                       
Florida, all ...............:      71,750                              3,229                        
  Early, mid, and Navel 2/ .:      30,400                              1,368                        
  Valencia .................:      41,350                              1,861                        
                            :                                                                       
Texas ......................:       2,500                                106                        
  Early, mid, and Navel 2/ .:       2,210                                 94                        
  Valencia .................:         290                                 12                        
                            :                                                                       
United States, all .........:     124,050                              5,327                        
  Early, mid, and Navel 2/ .:      73,410                              3,094                        
  Valencia .................:      50,640                              2,233                        
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Net pounds per box: California-80, Florida-90, Texas-85.                                         
2/ Navel and miscellaneous varieties in California. Early (including Navel) and midseason varieties 
   in Florida and Texas.                                                                            

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States:
2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :       Area planted        :      Area harvested       
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2018     :    2019     :    2018     :    2019     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                      1,000 acres                      
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley .................................:     2,543         2,857         1,978         2,331   
Corn for grain 1/ ......................:    89,129        90,005        81,740        82,017   
Corn for silage ........................:      (NA)                       6,113                 
Hay, all ...............................:      (NA)          (NA)        52,839        52,773   
  Alfalfa ..............................:      (NA)          (NA)        16,608        16,828   
  All other ............................:      (NA)          (NA)        36,231        35,945   
Oats ...................................:     2,746         2,549           865           909   
Proso millet ...........................:       443           433           403                 
Rice ...................................:     2,946         2,540         2,915         2,477   
Rye ....................................:     2,011         1,875           273           298   
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...................:     5,690         5,290         5,061         4,735   
Sorghum for silage .....................:      (NA)                         264                 
Wheat, all .............................:    47,800        45,609        39,605        38,405   
  Winter ...............................:    32,535        31,778        24,742        24,924   
  Durum ................................:     2,065         1,401         1,967         1,356   
  Other spring .........................:    13,200        12,430        12,896        12,125   
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola .................................:   1,990.7       2,018.0       1,943.5       1,986.0   
Cottonseed .............................:       (X)           (X)           (X)           (X)   
Flaxseed ...............................:       208           355           198           340   
Mustard seed ...........................:     102.5         110.0          97.5         104.5   
Peanuts ................................:   1,425.5       1,425.0       1,368.5       1,383.0   
Rapeseed ...............................:       5.7          14.8           5.4          14.0   
Safflower ..............................:     167.5         153.0         156.4         145.5   
Soybeans for beans .....................:    89,196        76,700        88,110        75,866   
Sunflower ..............................:   1,301.0       1,380.0       1,222.5       1,322.0   
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all ............................:  14,100.3      13,761.5      10,205.8      12,509.4   
  Upland ...............................:  13,850.0      13,531.0       9,957.0      12,281.0   
  American Pima ........................:     250.3         230.5         248.8         228.4   
Sugarbeets .............................:   1,113.1       1,130.6       1,095.4       1,116.7   
Sugarcane ..............................:      (NA)          (NA)         899.7         919.5   
Tobacco ................................:      (NA)          (NA)         291.4         230.9   
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Austrian winter peas 2/ ................:      16.4          (NA)          10.9          (NA)   
Chickpeas 3/ ...........................:     859.6         445.2         842.8         437.0   
Dry edible beans 3/ ....................:   2,081.0       1,328.5       2,016.0       1,280.5   
Dry edible peas 2/ .....................:     856.5       1,097.0         807.9       1,046.0   
Lentils ................................:     780.0         481.0         718.0         459.0   
Wrinkled seed peas 2/ ..................:      (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          (NA)   
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops ...................................:      (NA)          (NA)          55.0          55.8   
Maple syrup ............................:      (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          (NA)   
Mushrooms ..............................:      (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          (NA)   
Peppermint oil .........................:      (NA)                        58.5                 
Potatoes ...............................:   1,026.5         967.5       1,014.8         959.6   
Spearmint oil ..........................:      (NA)                        20.8                 
Taro (Hawaii) 4/ .......................:      (NA)          (NA)           0.3          (NA)   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                                     --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Domestic Units - United States:
2018 and 2019 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :      Yield per acre       :        Production         
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2018     :    2019     :    2018     :    2019     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                             --------- 1,000 --------  
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley ..........................bushels:     77.4          73.9         153,082       172,153  
Corn for grain ..................bushels:    176.4         168.2      14,420,101    13,799,151  
Corn for silage ....................tons:     19.9                       121,361                
Hay, all ...........................tons:     2.34          2.48         123,600       131,065  
  Alfalfa ..........................tons:     3.17          3.29          52,634        55,393  
  All other ........................tons:     1.96          2.11          70,966        75,672  
Oats ............................bushels:     64.9          66.4          56,130        60,385  
Proso millet ....................bushels:     29.8                        11,991                
Rice 5/ .............................cwt:    7,692         7,563         224,211       187,326  
Rye .............................bushels:     30.9                         8,432                
Sorghum for grain ...............bushels:     72.1          74.3         364,986       351,580  
Sorghum for silage .................tons:     12.6                         3,326                
Wheat, all ......................bushels:     47.6          51.6       1,884,458     1,980,209  
  Winter ........................bushels:     47.9          53.2       1,183,939     1,326,223  
  Durum .........................bushels:     39.3          42.3          77,287        57,326  
  Other spring ..................bushels:     48.3          49.2         623,232       596,660  
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola ...........................pounds:    1,861                     3,616,560                
Cottonseed .........................tons:      (X)           (X)         5,631.0       6,770.0  
Flaxseed ........................bushels:     22.6                         4,466                
Mustard seed .....................pounds:      750                        73,078                
Peanuts ..........................pounds:    3,991         4,086       5,461,600     5,650,900  
Rapeseed .........................pounds:    1,524                         8,230                
Safflower ........................pounds:    1,511                       236,380                
Soybeans for beans ..............bushels:     51.6          47.9       4,543,883     3,632,651  
Sunflower ........................pounds:    1,731                     2,116,410                
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all 5/ ....................bales:      864           839        18,367.0      21,862.0  
  Upland 5/ .......................bales:      847           826        17,566.0      21,145.0  
  American Pima 5/ ................bales:    1,545         1,507           801.0         717.0  
Sugarbeets .........................tons:     30.3          30.0          33,145        33,547  
Sugarcane ..........................tons:     38.4          37.8          34,542        34,755  
Tobacco ..........................pounds:    1,830         2,090         533,241       482,702  
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Austrian winter peas 2/ 5/ ..........cwt:    1,138          (NA)             124          (NA)  
Chickpeas 3/ 5/ .....................cwt:    1,512         1,642          12,742         7,174  
Dry edible beans 3/ 5/ ..............cwt:    1,860         1,919          37,494        24,572  
Dry edible peas 2/ 5/ ...............cwt:    1,972         2,131          15,929        22,289  
Lentils 5/ ..........................cwt:    1,171         1,428           8,408         6,553  
Wrinkled seed peas 2/ ...............cwt:     (NA)          (NA)             389          (NA)  
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops .............................pounds:    1,943         1,906       106,906.7     106,371.0  
Maple syrup .....................gallons:     (NA)          (NA)           4,199         4,240  
Mushrooms ........................pounds:     (NA)          (NA)         917,235       846,491  
Peppermint oil ...................pounds:       92                         5,377                
Potatoes ............................cwt:      443                       450,020                
Spearmint oil ....................pounds:      124                         2,571                
Taro (Hawaii) 4/ .................pounds:    9,630          (NA)           2,985          (NA)  
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                            
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                                             
2/   Beginning in 2019, Austrian winter peas and wrinkled seed peas are included in dry edible  
     peas.                                                                                      
3/   Beginning in 2019, chickpeas are excluded from dry edible beans.                           
4/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                            
5/   Yield in pounds.                                                                           

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from
previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank data
cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :       Area planted        :      Area harvested       
              Crop              :-------------------------------------------------------
                                :    2018     :    2019     :    2018     :    2019     
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                :                       hectares                        
                                :                                                       
Grains and hay                  :                                                       
Barley .........................:  1,029,130     1,156,200       800,480       943,330  
Corn for grain 1/ ..............: 36,069,620    36,424,120    33,079,360    33,191,460  
Corn for silage ................:       (NA)                   2,473,870                
Hay, all 2/ ....................:       (NA)          (NA)    21,383,410    21,356,710  
  Alfalfa ......................:       (NA)          (NA)     6,721,090     6,810,120  
  All other ....................:       (NA)          (NA)    14,662,320    14,546,580  
Oats ...........................:  1,111,280     1,031,550       350,060       367,860  
Proso millet ...................:    179,280       175,230       163,090                
Rice ...........................:  1,192,220     1,027,910     1,179,670     1,002,420  
Rye ............................:    813,830       758,790       110,480       120,600  
Sorghum for grain 1/ ...........:  2,302,690     2,140,810     2,048,140     1,916,210  
Sorghum for silage .............:       (NA)                     106,840                
Wheat, all 2/ ..................: 19,344,180    18,457,510    16,027,750    15,542,120  
  Winter .......................: 13,166,590    12,860,240    10,012,840    10,086,490  
  Durum ........................:    835,680       566,970       796,030       548,760  
  Other spring .................:  5,341,910     5,030,300     5,218,880     4,906,870  
                                :                                                       
Oilseeds                        :                                                       
Canola .........................:    805,620       816,660       786,520       803,710  
Cottonseed .....................:        (X)           (X)           (X)           (X)  
Flaxseed .......................:     84,180       143,660        80,130       137,590  
Mustard seed ...................:     41,480        44,520        39,460        42,290  
Peanuts ........................:    576,890       576,680       553,820       559,690  
Rapeseed .......................:      2,310         5,990         2,190         5,670  
Safflower ......................:     67,790        61,920        63,290        58,880  
Soybeans for beans .............: 36,096,730    31,039,720    35,657,240    30,702,210  
Sunflower ......................:    526,500       558,470       494,730       535,000  
                                :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops:                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ .................:  5,706,250     5,569,140     4,130,190     5,062,430  
  Upland .......................:  5,604,960     5,475,860     4,029,500     4,970,000  
  American Pima ................:    101,290        93,280       100,690        92,430  
Sugarbeets .....................:    450,460       457,540       443,300       451,920  
Sugarcane ......................:       (NA)          (NA)       364,100       372,110  
Tobacco ........................:       (NA)          (NA)       117,940        93,450  
                                :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils    :                                                       
Austrian winter peas 3/ ........:      6,640          (NA)         4,410          (NA)  
Chickpeas 4/ ...................:    347,870       180,170       341,070       176,850  
Dry edible beans 4/ ............:    842,160       537,630       815,860       518,210  
Dry edible peas 3/ .............:    346,620       443,940       326,950       423,310  
Lentils ........................:    315,660       194,660       290,570       185,750  
Wrinkled seed peas 3/ ..........:       (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          (NA)  
                                :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous      :                                                       
Hops ...........................:       (NA)          (NA)        22,270        22,580  
Maple syrup ....................:       (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          (NA)  
Mushrooms ......................:       (NA)          (NA)          (NA)          (NA)  
Peppermint oil .................:       (NA)                      23,670                
Potatoes .......................:    415,410       391,540       410,680       388,340  
Spearmint oil ..................:       (NA)                       8,420                
Taro (Hawaii) 5/ ...............:       (NA)          (NA)           130          (NA)  
----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
See footnote(s) at end of table.                                             --continued

Crop Area Planted and Harvested, Yield, and Production in Metric Units - United States:
2018 and 2019 (continued)
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or from previous
reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :     Yield per hectare     :        Production         
                  Crop                  :-------------------------------------------------------
                                        :    2018     :    2019     :    2018     :    2019     
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                        :                      metric tons                      
                                        :                                                       
Grains and hay                          :                                                       
Barley .................................:     4.16          3.97        3,332,970     3,748,190 
Corn for grain .........................:    11.07         10.56      366,287,440   350,514,580 
Corn for silage ........................:    44.50                    110,096,850               
Hay, all 2/ ............................:     5.24          5.57      112,128,030   118,900,170 
  Alfalfa ..............................:     7.10          7.38       47,748,760    50,251,680 
  All other ............................:     4.39          4.72       64,379,270    68,648,480 
Oats ...................................:     2.33          2.38          814,720       876,490 
Proso millet ...........................:     1.67                        271,950               
Rice ...................................:     8.62          8.48       10,170,040     8,496,960 
Rye ....................................:     1.94                        214,180               
Sorghum for grain ......................:     4.53          4.66        9,271,070     8,930,540 
Sorghum for silage .....................:    28.24                      3,017,300               
Wheat, all 2/ ..........................:     3.20          3.47       51,286,540    53,892,460 
  Winter ...............................:     3.22          3.58       32,221,540    36,093,880 
  Durum ................................:     2.64          2.84        2,103,410     1,560,160 
  Other spring .........................:     3.25          3.31       16,961,600    16,238,420 
                                        :                                                       
Oilseeds                                :                                                       
Canola .................................:     2.09                      1,640,440               
Cottonseed .............................:      (X)           (X)        5,108,360     6,141,640 
Flaxseed ...............................:     1.42                        113,440               
Mustard seed ...........................:     0.84                         33,150               
Peanuts ................................:     4.47          4.58        2,477,340     2,563,210 
Rapeseed ...............................:     1.71                          3,730               
Safflower ..............................:     1.69                        107,220               
Soybeans for beans .....................:     3.47          3.22      123,664,230    98,864,560 
Sunflower ..............................:     1.94                        959,990               
                                        :                                                       
Cotton, tobacco, and sugar crops        :                                                       
Cotton, all 2/ .........................:     0.97          0.94        3,998,940     4,759,890 
  Upland ...............................:     0.95          0.93        3,824,550     4,603,780 
  American Pima ........................:     1.73          1.69          174,400       156,110 
Sugarbeets .............................:    67.83         67.34       30,068,640    30,433,330 
Sugarcane ..............................:    86.06         84.73       31,335,980    31,529,210 
Tobacco ................................:     2.05          2.34          241,870       218,950 
                                        :                                                       
Dry beans, peas, and lentils            :                                                       
Austrian winter peas 3/ ................:     1.28          (NA)            5,620          (NA) 
Chickpeas 4/ ...........................:     1.69          1.84          577,970       325,410 
Dry edible beans 4/ ....................:     2.08          2.15        1,700,700     1,114,570 
Dry edible peas 3/ .....................:     2.21          2.39          722,530     1,011,010 
Lentils ................................:     1.31          1.60          381,380       297,240 
Wrinkled seed peas 3/ ..................:     (NA)          (NA)           17,640          (NA) 
                                        :                                                       
Potatoes and miscellaneous              :                                                       
Hops ...................................:     2.18          2.14           48,490        48,250 
Maple syrup ............................:     (NA)          (NA)           21,000        21,200 
Mushrooms ..............................:     (NA)          (NA)          416,050       383,960 
Peppermint oil .........................:     0.10                          2,440               
Potatoes ...............................:    49.70                     20,412,570               
Spearmint oil ..........................:     0.14                          1,170               
Taro (Hawaii) 5/ .......................:    10.80          (NA)            1,350          (NA) 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                                             
(X)  Not applicable.                                                                            
1/   Area planted for all purposes.                                                             
2/   Total may not add due to rounding.                                                         
3/   Beginning in 2019, Austrian winter peas and wrinkled seed peas are included in dry edible  
     peas.                                                                                      
4/   Beginning in 2019, chickpeas are excluded from dry edible beans.                           
5/   Estimates discontinued in 2019.                                                            

Fruits and Nuts Production in Domestic Units - United States: 2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year,
except citrus which is for the 2018-2019 season. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            Production             
                    Crop                   :-----------------------------------
                                           :      2018       :      2019       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :                                   
Citrus 1/                                  :                                   
Grapefruit ......................1,000 tons:          509               564    
Lemons ..........................1,000 tons:          888               966    
Oranges .........................1,000 tons:        3,875             5,327    
Tangerines and mandarins ........1,000 tons:          804             1,087    
                                           :                                   
Noncitrus                                  :                                   
Apples, commercial ..........million pounds:     10,257.0          10,630.0    
Apricots ..............................tons:       39,550            64,500    
Avocados ..............................tons:      185,770                      
Blueberries, Cultivated .......1,000 pounds:      562,300                      
Blueberries, Wild (Maine) .....1,000 pounds:       50,400                      
Cherries, Sweet .......................tons:      344,400           362,000    
Cherries, Tart ..............million pounds:        298.3             290.2    
Coffee (Hawaii) ...............1,000 pounds:       27,300                      
Cranberries .........................barrel:    8,926,000         9,040,000    
                                           :                                   
Dates .................................tons:       41,050                      
Grapes ................................tons:    7,596,000         7,500,000    
Kiwifruit (California) ................tons:       37,800                      
Nectarines (California) ...............tons:      120,500                      
Olives (California) ...................tons:       53,600                      
Papayas (Hawaii) ..............1,000 pounds:       10,400                      
Peaches ...............................tons:      651,500           733,500    
Pears .................................tons:      805,500           805,000    
Plums (California) ....................tons:      100,000                      
Prunes (California) ...................tons:       90,200           110,000    
Raspberries, all  .............1,000 pounds:      218,800                      
Strawberries .....................1,000 cwt:     28,577.9                      
                                           :                                   
Nuts and miscellaneous                     :                                   
Almonds, shelled (California) .1,000 pounds:    2,280,000         2,200,000    
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon) ..........tons:       51,000            49,000    
Macadamias (Hawaii) ...........1,000 pounds:       35,300                      
Pecans, in-shell ..............1,000 pounds:      242,930                      
Pistachios (California) .......1,000 pounds:      987,000                      
Walnuts, in-shell (California) ........tons:      676,000           630,000    
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production years are 2017-2018 and 2018-2019.                               

Fruits and Nuts Production in Metric Units - United States: 2018 and 2019
[Data are the latest estimates available, either from the current report or
from previous reports. Current year estimates are for the full 2019 crop year,
except citrus which is for the 2018-2019 season. Blank data cells indicate
estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            Production             
                    Crop                   :-----------------------------------
                                           :      2018       :      2019       
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                                           :            metric tons            
                                           :                                   
Citrus 1/                                  :                                   
Grapefruit ................................:      461,760           511,650    
Lemons ....................................:      805,580           876,340    
Oranges ...................................:    3,515,340         4,832,570    
Tangerines and mandarins ..................:      729,380           986,110    
                                           :                                   
Noncitrus                                  :                                   
Apples, commercial ........................:    4,652,500         4,821,690    
Apricots ..................................:       35,880            58,510    
Avocados ..................................:      168,530                      
Blueberries, Cultivated ...................:      255,050                      
Blueberries, Wild (Maine) .................:       22,860                      
Cherries, Sweet ...........................:      312,430           328,400    
Cherries, Tart ............................:      135,310           131,630    
Coffee (Hawaii) ...........................:       12,380                      
Cranberries ...............................:      404,880           410,050    
                                           :                                   
Dates .....................................:       37,240                      
Grapes ....................................:    6,890,970         6,803,890    
Kiwifruit (California) ....................:       34,290                      
Nectarines (California) ...................:      109,320                      
Olives (California) .......................:       48,630                      
Papayas (Hawaii) ..........................:        4,720                      
Peaches ...................................:      591,030           665,420    
Pears .....................................:      730,740           730,280    
Plums (California) ........................:       90,720                      
Prunes (California) .......................:       81,830            99,790    
Raspberries, all ..........................:       99,250                      
Strawberries ..............................:    1,296,270                      
                                           :                                   
Nuts and miscellaneous                     :                                   
Almonds, shelled (California) .............:    1,034,190           997,900    
Hazelnuts, in-shell (Oregon) ..............:       46,270            44,450    
Macadamias (Hawaii) .......................:       16,010                      
Pecans, in-shell ..........................:      110,190                      
Pistachios (California) ...................:      447,700                      
Walnuts, in-shell (California) ............:      613,260           571,530    
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Production years are 2017-2018 and 2018-2019.                               

Corn for Grain Objective Yield Data

The National Agricultural Statistics Service is conducting objective yield 
surveys in 10 corn-producing States during 2019. Randomly selected plots in 
corn for grain fields are visited monthly from September through harvest to 
obtain specific counts and measurements. Data in these tables are rounded 
actual field counts from this survey.

Corn for Grain Plant Population per Acre - Selected States: 2015-2019
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :         :         :         :         :         ::      State     :         :         :         :         :         
   and month   :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   ::    and month   :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                     number                      ::                :                     number                      
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Illinois       :                                                 :: Nebraska       :                                                 
September .....: 31,800    31,100    30,800    32,000    31,100  :: All corn       :                                                 
October .......: 31,750    31,100    30,900    32,000            ::  September ....: 26,650    25,900    25,950    27,100    25,850  
November ......: 31,750    31,100    30,950    32,000            ::  October ......: 26,750    25,950    25,800    26,750            
Final .........: 31,750    31,100    30,950    32,000            ::  November .....: 26,700    26,000    25,700    26,750            
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 26,700    26,000    25,700    26,750            
Indiana        :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 30,400    30,200    29,550    30,450    29,300  :: Irrigated      :                                                 
October .......: 30,100    29,950    29,350    30,400            ::  September ....: 29,100    28,200    29,050    30,300    28,300  
November ......: 30,000    29,800    29,200    30,400            ::  October ......: 29,300    28,200    29,000    29,900            
Final .........: 29,950    29,800    29,200    30,400            ::  November .....: 29,250    28,300    28,750    29,900            
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 29,250    28,300    28,750    29,900            
Iowa           :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 31,500    31,250    31,300    31,350    30,850  :: Non-irrigated  :                                                 
October .......: 31,450    31,050    31,150    31,150            ::  September ....: 23,500    22,900    22,500    23,350    23,300  
November ......: 31,450    31,050    31,150    31,100            ::  October ......: 23,550    23,000    22,200    23,100            
Final .........: 31,450    31,050    31,150    31,100            ::  November .....: 23,550    23,000    22,250    23,150            
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 23,550    23,000    22,250    23,150            
Kansas         :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 23,400    22,550    22,050    22,600    21,350  :: Ohio           :                                                 
October .......: 23,750    22,550    22,100    22,450            :: September .....: 30,000    30,250    29,250    30,550    30,050  
November ......: 23,800    22,550    22,300    22,450            :: October .......: 30,000    30,100    29,150    30,400            
Final .........: 23,800    22,550    22,300    22,450            :: November ......: 29,950    30,250    29,100    30,400            
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 29,950    30,250    29,100    30,400            
Minnesota      :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 30,650    30,800    30,750    30,950    30,700  :: South Dakota   :                                                 
October .......: 30,750    30,700    30,550    30,900            :: September .....: 26,350    26,200    26,250    27,000    26,400  
November ......: 30,750    30,550    30,600    30,900            :: October .......: 26,250    26,100    26,200    26,750            
Final .........: 30,750    30,550    30,600    30,900            :: November ......: 26,200    26,000    26,200    27,000            
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 26,200    26,000    26,200    27,000            
Missouri       :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 27,900    27,300    27,850    28,500    28,200  :: Wisconsin      :                                                 
October .......: 27,600    27,750    27,850    28,400            :: September .....: 29,900    30,100    29,450    31,000    30,250  
November ......: 27,600    27,800    27,950    28,400            :: October .......: 29,700    29,900    29,100    30,600            
Final .........: 27,600    27,800    27,950    28,400            :: November ......: 29,450    29,800    29,150    30,650            
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 29,450    29,800    29,100    30,650            
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
               :                                                 :: 10 State       :                                                 
               :                                                 :: September .....: 29,550    29,050    28,800    29,500    28,650  
               :                                                 :: October .......: 29,500    28,950    28,700    29,350            
               :                                                 :: November ......: 29,450    28,950    28,700    29,400            
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 29,450    28,950    28,700    29,350            
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Corn for Grain Number of Ears per Acre - Selected States: 2015-2019
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :         :         :         :         :         ::      State     :         :         :         :         :         
   and month   :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   ::    and month   :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                     number                      ::                :                     number                      
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Illinois       :                                                 :: Nebraska       :                                                 
September .....: 30,800    30,350    30,200    31,550    30,300  :: All corn       :                                                 
October .......: 30,750    30,450    30,300    31,500            ::  September ....: 26,650    25,700    25,800    27,100    25,850  
November ......: 30,800    30,450    30,250    31,500            ::  October ......: 26,700    25,350    26,050    26,750            
Final .........: 30,800    30,450    30,250    31,500            ::  November .....: 26,700    25,400    25,950    26,800            
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 26,700    25,400    25,950    26,800            
Indiana        :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 29,550    29,600    28,900    30,000    28,900  :: Irrigated      :                                                 
October .......: 29,300    29,400    29,100    29,800            ::  September ....: 29,000    27,850    28,650    29,950    28,200  
November ......: 29,250    29,250    28,850    29,750            ::  October ......: 29,250    27,500    28,950    29,350            
Final .........: 29,150    29,250    28,850    29,750            ::  November .....: 29,200    27,550    28,750    29,300            
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 29,200    27,550    28,750    29,300            
Iowa           :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 30,950    30,550    30,600    31,150    30,250  :: Non-irrigated  :                                                 
October .......: 30,800    30,400    30,600    30,900            ::  September ....: 23,650    22,850    22,600    23,850    23,500  
November ......: 30,850    30,500    30,600    30,800            ::  October ......: 23,550    22,550    22,800    23,650            
Final .........: 30,850    30,500    30,600    30,800            ::  November .....: 23,550    22,550    22,900    23,850            
               :                                                 ::  Final ........: 23,550    22,550    22,900    23,850            
Kansas         :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 23,300    22,650    22,800    22,350    21,550  :: Ohio           :                                                 
October .......: 23,700    22,450    22,600    21,650            :: September .....: 29,650    29,750    29,500    30,750    29,850  
November ......: 23,650    22,450    22,650    21,700            :: October .......: 29,650    29,200    29,250    30,300            
Final .........: 23,650    22,450    22,650    21,700            :: November ......: 29,600    29,600    29,150    30,300            
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 29,600    29,600    29,150    30,300            
Minnesota      :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 30,500    30,550    30,750    30,850    30,050  :: South Dakota   :                                                 
October .......: 30,400    30,350    30,850    30,850            :: September .....: 26,200    25,650    26,250    28,100    26,450  
November ......: 30,450    30,250    30,850    30,800            :: October .......: 25,900    25,350    26,150    27,750            
Final .........: 30,450    30,250    30,600    30,800            :: November ......: 25,750    25,450    26,200    27,950            
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 25,750    25,450    25,850    28,050            
Missouri       :                                                 ::                :                                                 
September .....: 27,350    26,900    27,750    27,400    26,950  :: Wisconsin      :                                                 
October .......: 26,900    27,150    27,800    27,300            :: September .....: 29,500    29,300    28,950    30,700    29,850  
November ......: 26,850    27,150    27,850    27,300            :: October .......: 28,950    28,900    28,800    30,450            
Final .........: 26,850    27,150    27,850    27,300            :: November ......: 28,600    28,750    28,600    30,450            
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 28,600    28,750    28,550    30,450            
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
               :                                                 :: 10-State       :                                                 
               :                                                 :: September .....: 29,050    28,550    28,550    29,350    28,200  
               :                                                 :: October .......: 28,950    28,350    28,550    29,100            
               :                                                 :: November ......: 28,900    28,400    28,500    29,100            
               :                                                 :: Final .........: 28,900    28,400    28,450    29,100            
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Soybean Objective Yield Data

The National Agricultural Statistics Service is conducting objective yield 
surveys in 11 soybean-producing States during 2019. Randomly selected plots 
in soybean fields are visited monthly from September through harvest to 
obtain specific counts and measurements. Data in this table are actual field 
counts from this survey.

Soybean Pods with Beans per 18 Square Feet - Selected States: 2015-2019
[Blank data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
     State     :         :         :         :         :         ::      State     :         :         :         :         :         
   and month   :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   ::    and month   :  2015   :  2016   :  2017   :  2018   :  2019   
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
               :                     number                      ::                :                     number                      
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Arkansas       :                                                 :: Missouri       :                                                 
September .....:  1,729     1,884     1,992     1,841     1,759  :: September .....:  1,612     1,881     2,041     1,777     1,719  
October .......:  1,737     1,805     1,898     1,795            :: October .......:  1,755     2,006     2,172     1,899            
November ......:  1,813     1,820     2,039     1,943            :: November ......:  1,869     2,123     2,253     1,948            
Final .........:  1,818     1,826     2,075     1,973            :: Final .........:  1,899     2,164     2,239     1,961            
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Illinois       :                                                 :: Nebraska       :                                                 
September .....:  1,980     1,969     1,917     2,132     1,696  :: September .....:  1,816     1,947     1,653     1,736     1,669  
October .......:  2,052     2,109     1,886     2,225            :: October .......:  1,863     2,036     1,795     2,071            
November ......:  2,086     2,193     1,947     2,249            :: November ......:  1,884     2,074     1,853     2,174            
Final .........:  2,079     2,197     1,947     2,264            :: Final .........:  1,884     2,074     1,853     2,174            
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Indiana        :                                                 :: North Dakota   :                                                 
September .....:  1,641     1,683     1,795     1,880     1,496  :: September .....:  1,321     1,395     1,406     1,418     1,147  
October .......:  1,703     1,775     1,772     2,001            :: October .......:  1,330     1,444     1,430     1,485            
November ......:  1,691     1,873     1,774     2,054            :: November ......:  1,337     1,442     1,465     1,515            
Final .........:  1,691     1,873     1,774     2,052            :: Final .........:  1,337     1,470     1,451     1,514            
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Iowa           :                                                 :: Ohio           :                                                 
September .....:  1,779     1,808     1,644     1,823     1,601  :: September .....:  1,621     1,773     1,765     2,019     1,563  
October .......:  1,805     1,801     1,670     1,984            :: October .......:  1,691     1,715     1,714     2,180            
November ......:  1,834     1,861     1,717     2,082            :: November ......:  1,776     1,782     1,828     2,210            
Final .........:  1,834     1,890     1,735     2,097            :: Final .........:  1,776     1,782     1,823     2,210            
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Kansas         :                                                 :: South Dakota   :                                                 
September .....:  1,285     1,467     1,487     1,552     1,561  :: September .....:  1,541     1,561     1,511     1,649     1,504  
October .......:  1,602     1,643     1,472     1,456            :: October .......:  1,557     1,639     1,472     1,867            
November ......:  1,715     1,720     1,561     1,548            :: November ......:  1,563     1,709     1,457     1,822            
Final .........:  1,715     1,737     1,561     1,558            :: Final .........:  1,563     1,665     1,457     1,724            
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
Minnesota      :                                                 :: 11-State       :                                                 
September .....:  1,637     1,614     1,359     1,605     1,465  :: September .....:  1,672     1,741     1,678     1,786     1,561  
October .......:  1,644     1,625     1,407     1,616            :: October .......:  1,731     1,800     1,692     1,895            
November ......:  1,612     1,658     1,480     1,569            :: November ......:  1,763     1,862     1,751     1,938            
Final .........:  1,612     1,658     1,480     1,569            :: Final .........:  1,764     1,870     1,752     1,938            
               :                                                 ::                :                                                 
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Cotton Objective Yield Data

The National Agricultural Statistics Service conducted objective yield 
surveys in four cotton-producing States during 2019. Randomly selected plots 
in cotton fields are visited monthly from September through harvest to obtain 
specific counts and measurements. Data in this table are actual field counts 
from this survey.

Cotton Cumulative Boll Counts - Selected States: 2015-2019
[Includes small bolls (less than one inch in diameter), large unopened bolls
(at least one inch in diameter), open bolls, partially opened bolls, and burrs
per 40 feet of row. November, December, and Final exclude small bolls. Blank
data cells indicate estimation period has not yet begun]
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :           :           :           :           :           
   State and month  :   2015    :   2016    :   2017    :   2018    :   2019    
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                    :                          number                           
                    :                                                           
Arkansas            :                                                           
September ..........:    763         800         911         891         900    
October ............:    769         769         839         910                
November ...........:    856         779         825         892                
December ...........:    856         779         825         892                
Final ..............:    856         779         825         892                
                    :                                                           
Georgia             :                                                           
September ..........:    645         562         593         605         598    
October ............:    630         668         608         737                
November ...........:    748         719         680         712                
December ...........:    759         725         684         719                
Final ..............:    759         725         684         713                
                    :                                                           
Louisiana 1/        :                                                           
September ..........:    676         654         648         759        (NA)    
October ............:    776         760         667         734                
November ...........:    794         784         665         739                
December ...........:    793         784         665         739                
Final ..............:    793         784         665         739                
                    :                                                           
Mississippi         :                                                           
September ..........:    887         953         904         871         944    
October ............:    839         942         810         895                
November ...........:    898         974         804         846                
December ...........:    898         974         797         846                
Final ..............:    898         974         797         846                
                    :                                                           
North Carolina 1/   :                                                           
September ..........:    551         558         637         601        (NA)    
October ............:    620         599         705         641                
November ...........:    624         660         769         714                
December ...........:    632         660         769         719                
Final ..............:    632         660         769         719                
                    :                                                           
Texas               :                                                           
September ..........:    566         467         592         570         458    
October ............:    442         474         602         576                
November ...........:    481         528         603         553                
December ...........:    492         547         615         583                
Final ..............:    495         546         614         582                
                    :                                                           
4-State 2/          :                                                           
September ..........:    601         532         633         627         551    
October ............:    518         554         635         661                
November ...........:    571         604         649         640                
December ...........:    581         618         656         659                
Final ..............:    583         618         656         657                
--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
(NA) Not available.                                                             
1/   Objective yield survey discontinued in 2019.                               
2/   6-State total prior to 2019.                                               

August Weather Summary

Near- or below-normal temperatures across the northern half of the Plains and 
the Midwest maintained a slow pace of development for late-planted crops such 
as corn and soybeans. In contrast, persistent heat gripped many other areas 
of the country, especially from the Pacific Coast to the southern Plains and 
into parts of the Southeast.

The southern Plains' heat was accompanied by erratic rainfall, leading to a 
general increase in stress on rangeland, pastures, and rain-fed summer crops. 
On September 1, nearly one-half (45 percent) of the rangeland and pastures in 
Texas were rated in very poor to poor condition. Minimal August rain also 
fell in large sections of the Four Corners States and environs, in part due 
to the partial failure of the Southwestern monsoon.

By September 1, Texas led the Plains with topsoil moisture rated 84 percent 
very short to short. Similarly, New Mexico paced the Southwest with topsoil 
moisture rated 68 percent very short to short. Some short-term drought also 
affected the Northwest, where topsoil moisture was rated at least one-half 
very short to short on September 1 in Oregon (73 percent), Idaho 
(55 percent), Wyoming (53 percent), and Washington (50 percent).

Farther east, variable rainfall in the Midwest left some fields with plenty 
of moisture and others-mainly in the central and eastern Corn Belt-with 
patchy drought. In areas where planting occurred very late and root systems 
were poorly developed, some corn and soybeans experienced stress, despite an 
absence of extreme heat. By September 1, Michigan led the Midwest with 
topsoil moisture rated 45 percent very short to short.

National soybean development ties with the record set in 1981 for being the 
slowest on pace in the modern era, with just 86 percent of the crop setting 
pods by September 1. Similarly, the Nation's corn crop was 41 percent dented 
by September 1, the fifth-slowest pace of development on record.

Elsewhere, growing conditions during August were mostly favorable for 
Southern crops, despite pockets of drought. On September 1, good to excellent 
crop ratings were reported for more than two-thirds of the Nation's rice 
(70 percent) and peanuts (67 percent). On the same date, however, topsoil 
moisture was rated at least 40 percent very short to short in Arkansas, 
Kentucky, and the Atlantic Coast States from Georgia to Delaware.

August Agricultural Summary
August was cooler than average for parts of the Great Lakes and Great Plains 
with temperatures averaging 4�F or more below normal. However, temperatures 
were warmer in the Southwest averaging 6�F or more above normal in some 
locations. During the month of August, parts of the Delta, Florida, and 
southern Plains received more than 10 inches of rain. However, parts of 
California, Michigan, the Pacific Northwest, Rocky Mountains, and Southwest 
remained dry.

By August 4, seventy-eight percent of the Nation's corn acreage was at or 
beyond the silking stage, seventeen percentage points behind the previous 
year and 15 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Twenty-three percent 
of the corn acreage was at or beyond the dough stage by August 4, 
thirty-one percentage points behind the previous year and 19 percentage 
points behind the 5-year average. By August 18, ninety-five percent of the 
Nation's corn acreage was at or beyond the silking stage, 5 percentage points 
behind the previous year and 4 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 
Fifty-five percent of the corn acreage was at or beyond the dough stage by 
August 18, twenty-eight percentage points behind the previous year and 
21 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 18, fifteen percent 
of this year's acreage was dented, 26 percentage points behind the previous 
year and 15 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By September 1, 
eighty-one percent of the corn acreage was at or beyond the dough stage, 
14 percentage points behind the previous year and 12 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. By September 1, forty-one percent of this year's crop 
acreage was dented, 32 percentage points behind the previous year and 
22 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Six percent of the 2019 corn 
acreage had reached maturity as of September 1, fourteen percentage points 
behind the previous year and 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 
Overall, 58 percent of the Nation's corn acreage was rated in good to 
excellent condition September 1, nine percentage points below the same time 
last year.

Seventy-two percent of the Nation's soybean acreage had reached the blooming 
stage by August 4, nineteen percentage points behind the previous year and 
15 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 4, 
thirty-seven percent of the Nation's soybean acreage was setting pods, 
36 percentage points behind the previous year and 26 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. By August 18, ninety percent of the Nation's soybean 
acreage had reached the blooming stage, 9 percentage points behind the 
previous year and 6 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 
Sixty-eight percent of the Nation's soybean acreage was setting pods by 
August 18, twenty-two percentage points behind the previous year and 
17 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By September 1, 
ninety-six percent of the Nation's soybean acreage had reached the blooming 
stage, 4 percentage points behind both the previous year and the 5-year 
average. Eighty-six percent of the Nation's soybean acreage was setting pods 
by September 1, twelve percentage points behind the previous year and 
10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. On September 1, 
fifty-five percent of the Nation's soybean acreage was rated in good to 
excellent condition, 11 percentage points below the same time last year.

Eighty-two percent of the 2019 winter wheat acreage was harvested by 
August 4, seven percentage points behind the previous year and 10 percentage 
points behind the 5-year average. Ninety-three percent of the 2019 
winter wheat acreage was harvested by August 18, four percentage points 
behind the previous year and 5 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 
Winter wheat harvest progress was complete or nearing completion at that time 
in all estimating States except Idaho, Montana, South Dakota, and Washington.

Ninety-five percent of the Nation's cotton acreage had reached the squaring 
stage by August 4, four percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
2 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By August 4, 
fifty-nine percent of the Nation's cotton acreage had begun setting bolls, 
1 percentage point ahead of the previous year but 2 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. By August 18, eighty-five percent of the Nation's cotton 
acreage had set bolls, identical to both the previous year and the 5-year 
average. By August 18, twenty-four percent of the Nation's cotton acreage had 
open bolls, 8 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 11 percentage 
points ahead of the 5-year average. By September 1, ninety-seven percent of 
the Nation's cotton acreage had set bolls, 2 percentage points ahead of the 
previous year and 1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year average. By 
September 1, thirty-six percent of the Nation's cotton had open bolls, 
8 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 9 percentage points ahead 
of the 5-year average. As of September 1, forty-eight percent of the 2019 
cotton acreage was rated in good to excellent condition, 7 percentage point 
above the same time last year.

By August 4, forty-five percent of the Nation's sorghum acreage had reached 
the heading stage, 22 percentage points behind the previous year and 
17 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Twenty-three percent of the 
Nation's sorghum acreage was at or beyond the coloring stage by August 4, 
seven percentage points behind both the previous year and the 5-year average. 
On August 4, seventy-one percent of Texas' sorghum acreage had reached the 
coloring stage, 4 percentage points behind the previous year but 1 percentage 
point ahead of the 5-year average. By August 18, seventy-five percent of the 
Nation's sorghum acreage had reached the heading stage, 11 percentage points 
behind the previous year and 8 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 
Thirty-one percent of the Nation's sorghum acreage was at or beyond the 
coloring stage by August 18, fourteen percentage points behind the previous 
year and 12 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 18, 
twenty-one percent of the Nation's sorghum acreage was considered mature, 
2 percentage points behind the previous year and 5 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. Seventy percent of Texas sorghum acreage had reached the 
mature stage by August 18, six percentage points ahead of the previous year 
and 3 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. By September 1, 
ninety-two percent of the Nation's sorghum acreage had reached the heading 
stage, 4 percentage points behind the previous year and 3 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. Fifty-two percent of the Nation's sorghum acreage 
was at or beyond the coloring stage by September 1, fifteen percentage points 
behind the previous year and 12 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 
By September 1, twenty-four percent of the Nation's sorghum acreage was 
considered mature, 6 percentage points behind the previous year and 
9 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Seventy-six percent of Texas's 
sorghum acreage had reached the mature stage by September 1, two percentage 
points ahead of both the previous year and the 5-year average. 
Twenty-one percent of the 2019 sorghum acreage was harvested by September 1, 
one percentage point behind both the previous year and the 5-year average. As 
of September 1, sixty-seven percent of the Nation's sorghum acreage was rated 
in good to excellent condition, 15 percentage points above the same time last 
year.

By August 4, sixty percent of the Nation's rice acreage had reached the 
heading stage, 19 percentage points behind the previous year and 
13 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 18, 
eighty-eight percent of the Nation's rice acreage had reached the heading 
stage, 6 percentage points behind the previous year and 5 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 10 percent of the rice acreage was 
harvested by August 18, four percentage points behind the previous year and 
3 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Nationally, 21 percent of the 
rice acreage was harvested by September 1, eight percentage points behind the 
previous year and 6 percentage points behind the 5-year average. As of 
September 1, seventy percent of the Nation's rice acreage was rated in good 
to excellent condition, 5 percentage points below the same time last year.

Thirty-two percent of the Nation's oat acreage had been harvested by 
August 4, seventeen percentage points behind both the previous year and the 
5-year average. On August 4, sixty-five percent of the Nation's oat acreage 
was rated in good to excellent condition, 6 percentage points below the same 
time last year. By August 18, sixty percent of the Nation's oat acreage had 
been harvested, 18 percentage points behind both the previous year and the 
5-year average. By September 1, eighty-four percent of the Nation's oat 
acreage had been harvested, 9 percentage points behind the previous year and 
7 percentage points behind the 5-year average.

Three percent of the Nation's barley acreage was harvested by August 4, 
eleven percentage points behind the previous year and 15 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. Thirty-one percent of the Nation's barley acreage 
was harvested by August 18, thirty-one percentage points behind the previous 
year and 28 percentage points behind the 5-year average. On August 18, 
seventy-three percent of the Nation's barley acreage was rated in good to 
excellent condition, 5 percentage points below the same time last year. 
Seventy-two percent of the Nation's barley acreage was harvested by 
September 1, eleven percentage points behind both the previous year and the 
5-year average.

By August 4, two percent of the spring wheat acreage was harvested, 
10 percentage points behind the previous year and 12 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. By August 18, sixteen percent of the spring wheat was 
harvested, 40 percentage points behind the previous year and 33 percentage 
points behind the 5-year average. By September 1, fifty-five percent of the 
spring wheat acreage was harvested, 31 percentage points behind the previous 
year and 23 percentage points behind the 5-year average. On September 1, 
sixty-seven percent of the Nation's spring wheat acreage was rated in good to 
excellent condition, 7 percentage points below the same time last year.

By August 4, ninety-two percent of the Nation's peanut acreage had reached 
the pegging stage, 3 percentage points ahead of the previous year and 
1 percentage point ahead of the 5-year average. On September 1, 
sixty-seven percent of the Nation's peanut acreage was rated in good to 
excellent condition, 8 percentage points below the same time last year.

Crop Comments

Corn: The 2019 corn area harvested for grain is forecast at 82.0 million 
acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but up less than 1 percent from 
last year.

The September 1 corn objective yield data indicate the lowest number of ears 
since 2012 for the combined 10 objective yield States, (Illinois, Indiana, 
Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, Ohio, South Dakota, and 
Wisconsin).

At 13.8 billion bushels, 2019 corn production for grain is forecast to be the 
6th highest production on record for the United States. The forecasted yield, 
at 168.2 bushels per acre, is down 1 percent from the previous forecast of 
169.5 bushels per acre. A record high yield is forecast for Tennessee.

Seventy-eight percent of the Nation's corn acreage was at or beyond the 
silking stage by August 4, seventeen percentage points behind last year and 
15 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 4, 
twenty-three percent of the corn was at or beyond the dough stage, 
31 percentage points behind last year and 19 percentage points behind the 
5-year average. Ninety percent of the Nation's corn acreage was at or beyond 
the silking stage by August 11, six percentage points behind last year and 
7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By August 11, thirty-nine 
percent of the corn was at or beyond the dough stage, 32 percentage points 
behind last year and 22 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By 
August 11, seven percent of the corn acreage was dented, 17 percentage points 
behind last year and 9 percentage points behind the 5-year average.

By August 18, fifty-five percent of the corn was at or beyond the dough 
stage, 28 percentage points behind last year and 21 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. By August 18, fifteen percent of the corn acreage was 
dented, 26 percentage points behind last year and 15 percentage points behind 
the 5-year average. By August 25, seventy-one percent of the corn acreage was 
at or beyond the dough stage, 20 percentage points behind last year and 
16 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By 
August 25, twenty-seven percent of the corn acreage was dented, 32 percentage 
points behind last year and 19 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 
All of the estimating States, except Pennsylvania and Texas, were at or 
behind their respective averages in denting progress.

By September 1, eighty-one percent of the corn acreage was at or beyond the 
dough stage, 14 percentage points behind last year and 12 percentage points 
behind the 5-year average. By September 1, forty-one percent of the corn 
acreage was dented, 32 percentage points behind last year and 22 percentage 
points behind the 5-year average. All of the estimating States, except Texas, 
were behind their respective average for denting progress. Six percent of the 
2019 corn acreage had matured by September 1, fourteen percentage points 
behind last year and 7 percentage points behind the 5-year average. Overall, 
58 percent of the Nation's corn acreage was rated in good to excellent 
condition, 9 percentage points below the same time last year.

Sorghum: Production is forecast at 352 million bushels, down 1 percent from 
the previous forecast and down 4 percent from last year. Area harvested for 
grain is forecast at 4.74 million acres, down 1 percent from the previous 
forecast and down 6 percent from 2018. Based on September 1 conditions, yield 
is forecast at 74.3 bushels per acre, 0.4 bushel higher than the previous 
forecast and 2.2 bushels per acre above the 2018 yield of 72.1 bushels per 
acre. Growers are expecting record high yields in South Dakota. 

As of September 1, ninety-two percent of the sorghum acreage was headed, 4 
percentage points behind last year and 3 percentage points behind the 5-year 
average. Fifty-two percent of the acreage was coloring at that time, 
15 percentage points behind last year and 12 percentage points behind the 5-
year average. Sixty-seven percent of the acreage was rated in good to 
excellent condition on September 1, fifteen percentage points above the same 
time last year.

Rice: Production is forecast at 187 million cwt, down 9 percent from the 
previous forecast and down 16 percent from 2018. Based on a thorough review 
of all available data, planted area is now estimated at 2.54 million acres, 
down 8 percent from the previous estimate and down 14 percent from last year. 
Area for harvest is expected to total 2.48 million acres, down 9 percent from 
the previous forecast and down 15 percent from last year. Based on conditions 
as of September 1, the average United States yield is forecast at 
7,563 pounds per acre, down 14 pounds per acre from the previous forecast and 
129 pounds per acre lower than the 2018 average yield of 7,692 pounds per 
acre. 

As of September 1, twenty-one percent of the rice acreage was harvested, 
8 percentage points behind last year, and 6 percentage points behind the 
five-year average pace. Seventy percent of the rice crop was reported in good 
to excellent condition on September 1, compared with 75 percent at the same 
time last year

Soybeans: Area for harvest in the United States is forecast at 75.9 million 
acres, unchanged from the previous forecast but down 14 percent from 2018.

The September objective yield data for the combined 11 major 
soybean-producing States (Arkansas, Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Kansas, 
Minnesota, Missouri, Nebraska, North Dakota, Ohio, and South Dakota) indicate 
a lower pod count compared with the previous year. Compared with final counts 
for 2018, pod counts are down in 10 of the 11 published States. Ohio showed 
the greatest decrease, down 647 pods per 18 square feet from the previous 
year. The only increase from the 2018 final pod count is expected in Kansas. 

As of August 4, thirty-seven percent of the soybean acreage was setting pods, 
36 percentage points behind of last year and 26 percentage points behind the 
5-year average. Sixty-eight percent of the acreage was at or beyond the pod 
setting stage on August 18, twenty-two percentage points behind last year and 
17 percentage points behind the 5-year average. By September 1, 
eighty-six percent of the soybean acreage was setting pods, 12 percentage 
points behind last year and 10 percentage points behind the 5-year average. 

As of September 1, fifty-five percent of the United States soybean acreage 
was rated in good to excellent condition, 11 percentage points below the same 
time in 2018. During the month of August, 7 of the 18 estimating States 
published in the weekly Crop Progress report showed a decrease in the percent 
of the acreage rated in the good to excellent categories. 

If realized, the forecasted yield will be a record high in Kentucky and 
Tennessee.

Peanuts: Production is forecast at 5.65 billion pounds, up 7 percent from the 
previous forecast and up 3 percent from 2018. Acreage updates were made in 
several States based on a thorough review of all available data. Planted 
area, at 1.43 million acres, is up 4 percent from the previous estimate but 
down less than 1 percent from the 2018 planted area. Harvested area is 
expected to total 1.38 million acres, up 5 percent from the previous forecast 
and up 1 percent from 2018. Based on conditions as of September 1, the 
average yield for the United States is forecast at 4,086 pounds per acre, up 
78 pounds per acre from last month and 95 pounds per acre above the 2018 
average yield. The largest yield increases from last year are expected in 
Florida, Mississippi, North Carolina, and Oklahoma.

As of September 1, sixty-seven percent of the United States acreage was rated 
in good to excellent condition, compared with 75 percent at the same time 
last year.

Cotton: Acreage updates were made in several States based on a thorough 
review of all available data. Area planted to Upland cotton is estimated at 
13.5 million acres, down 1 percent from the previous estimate and down 
2 percent from 2018. Kansas planted area will be the highest on record. 
Upland harvested area for the Nation is expected to total 12.3 million acres, 
down 1 percent from the previous forecast but up 23 percent from last year. 
Pima cotton planted area is estimated at 230,500 acres down 16 percent from 
the previous estimate and down 8 percent from last year. Expected Pima 
harvested area, at 228,400 acres, is down 12 percent from the previous 
forecast and down 8 percent from last year.

As of September 1, ninety-seven percent of the cotton acreage was setting 
bolls, 2 percentage points ahead of last year and 1 percentage point ahead of 
the 5-year average. As of September 1, thirty-six percent of the cotton 
acreage had bolls opening, 8 percentage points ahead of last year and 
9 percentage points ahead of the 5-year average. At that time, 48 percent of 
the cotton acreage was rated in good to excellent condition, compared with 
41 percent the same time last year.

If realized, the forecasted yield for Upland cotton in Tennessee will be a 
record high.

Ginnings totaled 359,250 running bales prior to September 1, compared with 
489,100 running bales ginned prior to the same date last year.

Tobacco: The 2019 United States all tobacco production is forecast 
at 483 million pounds, down 4 percent from the previous forecast and 
down 9 percent from 2018. Area harvested, at 230,920 acres, is down 3 percent 
from the month and down 21 percent from last year. If realized, this will be 
the lowest harvested acreage on record. Yield for the 2019 crop year is 
forecast at 2,090 pounds per acre, down 20 pounds from last month but 
260 pounds above last year. 

Flue-cured production is expected to total 304 million pounds, down 3 percent 
from last month and 10 percent from 2018. Burley production is expected to 
total 96.0 million pounds, down 9 percent from the last month and 4 percent 
from last year.

Lentils: Production of lentils is forecast at 6.55 million cwt, down 
22 percent from a year ago. Planted area, at 481,000 acres, is down 
38 percent from last year, while harvested acreage, at 459,000 acres, is down 
36 percent from 2018. The average yield is expected to be 1,428 pounds per 
acre, up 257 pounds from last year.

In Montana, planting began late as spring precipitation persisted and many 
fields had standing water until the final week of May. As of September 1, 
seventy-four percent of the crop was harvested, compared with 85 percent last 
year. In North Dakota, harvest started in early to mid-August. By 
September 1, harvest was 23 percent complete, compared with 72 percent last 
season.

Chickpeas: Production of all chickpeas is forecast at 7.17 million cwt, down 
44 percent from 2018. Area planted for all chickpeas for the 2019 crop year 
is estimated at 445,200 acres, down 48 percent from the previous year. Area 
harvested is forecast at 437,000 acres, 48 percent below 2018. Small chickpea 
area planted is estimated at 106,000 acres, down 52 percent from 2018. Area 
harvested for small chickpeas is forecast at 103,300 acres, a 53 percent 
decline from 2018. Area planted for large chickpeas in 2019 is estimated at 
339,200 acres, a 47 percent decline from the previous year. Large chickpea 
area harvested is forecast at 333,700 acres, a 46 percent decline from 2018.

Montana experienced relatively cool and wet weather during early spring with 
mixed, but drier, conditions between May into mid-June. Early spring planting 
and crop emergence were delayed in areas due to wet soil and cool 
temperatures. By the end of May, several northern county reporters noted hot 
temperatures and high winds quickly dried soil out and rain was needed. 

Dry edible peas: Production of dry edible peas is forecast at 22.3 million 
cwt, up 40 percent from last year. Planted area, at 1.10 million acres, and 
harvested area, at 1.05 million acres, increased by 28 percent and 
29 percent, respectively. The average United States yield is expected to be 
2,131 pounds per acre, up 159 pounds from 2018. If realized, this will be the 
highest yield since 2004.

In Montana, plantings began late as spring precipitation persisted and many 
fields had standing water until the final week of May. The crop was 
95 percent planted by the week ending June 2. By the week ending September 1, 
dry edible peas were 83 percent harvested, compared with 91 percent last 
year. Hail and wet conditions were reported throughout the season making for 
a difficult harvest. In North Dakota, As of September 1, dry edible peas were 
84 percent harvested, which was behind the 97 percent harvested at this time 
last year and the 90 percent 5-year average. Planting was slightly delayed 
this year due to cold and wet spring weather. Crop development lagged behind 
both last year's pace and the 5-year average during the entire growing 
season.

Sugarbeets: Production of sugarbeets for the 2019 crop year is forecast at 
33.5 million tons, down 3 percent from last month but up 1 percent from last 
year. Yield is forecast at 30.0 tons per acre, a decrease of 1.1 tons from 
the previous forecast and 0.3 ton from last year.

Yields in Nebraska and Wyoming were negatively impacted by the Gering-Fort 
Laramie irrigation tunnel collapse. Cooler temperatures and a lack of 
sufficient growing degree days impacted yield potential in Colorado, 
Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, and Wyoming. Michigan's sugarbeet 
yield potential was reduced due to a lack of rain. Minnesota and North 
Dakota's sugarbeet growing regions were suffering from either too much rain 
or not enough. Cercospora Leaf Spot continued to be of concern in both 
States, but was still under control.

Sugarcane: Production of sugarcane for sugar and seed in 2019 is forecast at 
34.8 million tons, 1 percent above both last month and last year. Producers 
intend to harvest 919,500 acres for sugar and seed during the 2019 crop year, 
up slightly from last month and up 2 percent from last year. Yields for sugar 
and seed are expected to average 37.8 tons per acre up 0.3 ton from last 
month, but down 0.6 ton from 2018.

Height of crop was below average in Louisiana fields, but cane growth had 
increased. Wet weather was also causing serious delays in planting. 

Hazelnuts: Production in Oregon is forecast at 49,000 tons, down 4 percent 
from last year's final utilized production of 51,000 tons. The September 
forecast is based on the hazelnut objective measurement survey.

Survey data indicated the percentage of good nuts analyzed in the laboratory 
was 89 percent. The average dry weight, per good nut, was 3.3 grams, up from 
2.80 grams in 2018. The number of nuts picked per tree was 201 in 2019, down 
from 291 nuts the previous year. 

The complete report is available at: 
https://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/Oregon/Publications/Fruits_Nuts
_and_Berries/2019/HZ0819_1.pdf. 

Walnuts: The 2019 California walnut production is forecast at 630,000 tons, 
down 7 percent from last year's 676,000 tons. The September forecast is based 
on the walnut objective measurement survey conducted August 1 through 
August 22, 2019.

Survey data indicated an average nut set of 983 per tree, down 16 percent 
from 2018's average of 1,176. Percent of sound kernels in-shell was 
98.9 percent Statewide. In-shell weight, per nut, was 22.7 grams, while the 
average in-shell suture measurement was 32.3 millimeters. The in-shell cross-
width measurement was 33.2 and the average length in-shell was 
38.8 millimeters.

The 2019 walnut season began with record amounts of rain during the winter 
and spring months. Bloom was seven to ten days later than normal. Late spring 
rains provided cooler conditions which increased kernel size and helped 
quality. Local weather conditions resulted in variable crop development 
across the State.

The complete report is available at: 
https://www.nass.usda.gov/Statistics_by_State/California/Publications/Special
ty_and_Other_Releases/Walnut/Objective-Measurement/201908walom.pdf.

Statistical Methodology

Survey procedures: Objective yield and farm operator surveys were conducted 
between August 24 and September 6 to gather information on expected yield as 
of September 1. The objective yield surveys for corn, cotton, and soybeans 
were conducted in the major producing States that usually account for 
75 percent of the United States production. Farm operators selected for the 
objective yield survey were interviewed to update previously reported acreage 
data and seek permission to randomly locate two sample plots in selected 
fields for the objective yield survey (corn, cotton and, soybeans). The 
counts made within each sample plot depend on the crop and the maturity of 
that crop. In all cases, the number of plants is recorded along with other 
measurements that provide information to forecast the number of ears, bolls, 
or pods and their weight. The counts are used with similar data from previous 
years to develop a projected biological yield. The average harvesting loss is 
subtracted to obtain a net yield. The plots are visited starting in September 
and are revisited each month until crop maturity when the fruit is harvested 
and weighed. After the farm operator has harvested the sample field, another 
plot is sampled to obtain current year harvesting loss. Starting in 2019, 
NASS eliminated the August objective yield survey for cotton (except Texas), 
corn, and soybeans.

The farm operator survey was conducted primarily by telephone with some use 
of mail, internet, and personal interviews. Approximately 9,600 producers 
were interviewed during the survey period and asked questions about probable 
yield. These growers will continue to be surveyed throughout the growing 
season to provide indications of average yields.

Estimating procedures: National and State level objective yield and grower 
reported data were reviewed for reasonableness and consistency with 
historical estimates. The survey data were also reviewed considering weather 
patterns and crop progress compared with previous months and previous years. 
Each Regional Field Office submits their analysis of the current situation to 
the Agricultural Statistics Board (ASB). The ASB uses the survey data and the 
State analyses to prepare the published September 1 forecasts.

Revision policy: The September 1 production forecast will not be revised; 
instead, a new forecast will be made each month throughout the growing 
season. End-of-season estimates are made after harvest. At the end of the 
marketing season, a balance sheet is calculated using carryover stocks, 
production, exports, millings, feeding, and ending stocks. Revisions are then 
made if the balance sheet relationships or other administrative data warrant 
changes. Estimates of planted acres for spring planted crops are subject to 
revision in the August Crop Production report if conditions altered the 
planting intentions since the mid-year survey. Planted acres may also be 
revised for cotton, peanuts, and rice in the September Crop Production report 
each year; spring wheat, Durum wheat, barley, and oats only in the Small 
Grains Annual report at the end of September; and all other spring planted 
crops in the October Crop Production report. Revisions to planted acres will 
only be made when either special survey data, administrative data, such as 
Farm Service Agency program "sign up" data, or remote sensing data are 
available. Harvested acres may be revised any time a production forecast is 
made if there is strong evidence that the intended harvested area has changed 
since the last forecast.

Reliability: To assist users in evaluating the reliability of the September 1 
production forecast, the "Root Mean Square Error," a statistical measure 
based on past performance, is computed. The deviation between the September 1 
production forecast and the final estimate is expressed as a percentage of 
the final estimate. The average of the squared percentage deviations for the 
latest 20-year period is computed. The square root of the average becomes 
statistically the "Root Mean Square Error." Probability statements can be 
made concerning expected differences in the current forecast relative to the 
final end-of-season estimate, assuming that factors affecting this year's 
forecast are not different from those influencing recent years. For example, 
the "Root Mean Square Error" for the September 1 corn for grain production 
forecast is 3.1 percent. This means that chances are 2 out of 3 that the 
current production forecast will not be above or below the final estimate by 
more than 3.1 percent. Chances are 9 out of 10 (90 percent confidence level) 
that the difference will not exceed 5.4 percent.

Also, shown in the following table is a 20-year record for selected crops of 
the differences between the September 1 forecast and the final estimate. 
Using corn again as an example, changes between the September 1 forecast and 
the final estimate during the last 20 years have averaged 269 million 
bushels, ranging from 13 million bushels to 845 million bushels. The 
September 1 forecast has been below the final estimate 11 times and above 
9 times. This does not imply that the September 1 corn forecast this year is 
likely to understate or overstate final production.

Reliability of September 1 Crop Production Forecasts
[Based on data for the past twenty years]
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :            :           :      Difference between forecast       
                              :            :           :           and final estimate           
                              :            :           :----------------------------------------
                              :            :90 percent :       Production       :     Years     
             Crop             : Root mean  :confidence :----------------------------------------
                              :square error: interval  :       :        :       : Below : Above 
                              :            :           :Average:Smallest:Largest: final : final 
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
                              :    ---- percent ---       ------ millions -----      number     
                              :                                                                 
Corn for grain ........bushels:    3.1          5.4       269      13       845    11       9   
Rice ......................cwt:    2.9          4.9         5       1        13    12       8   
Sorghum for grain .....bushels:    6.0         10.4        17       1        50     7      13   
Soybeans for beans ....bushels:    5.2          9.0       124       8       408    13       7   
Upland cotton 1/ ........bales:    6.3         10.8       946       2     2,320     9      11   
------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
1/ Quantity is in thousands of units.                                                           

USDA, National Agricultural Statistics Service Information Contacts

Listed below are the commodity statisticians in the Crops Branch of the National Agricultural 
Statistics Service to contact for additional information. E-mail inquiries may be sent to 
nass@usda.gov

Lance Honig, Chief, Crops Branch.................................................... (202) 720-2127

Anthony Prillaman, Head, Field Crops Section........................................ (202) 720-2127
David Colwell - Current Agricultural Industrial Reports............................. (202) 720-3338
     Chris Hawthorn - Corn, Flaxseed, Proso Millet.................................. (202) 720-9526
     James Johanson - County Estimates, Hay......................................... (202) 690-8533
     Jeff Lemmons - Oats, Soybeans.................................................. (202) 690-3234
     Sammy Neal - Peanuts, Rice..................................................... (202) 720-7688
     Jannety Mosley - Crop Weather, Barley.......................................... (202) 720-7621
     Jean Porter - Rye, Wheat....................................................... (202) 720-8068
     Chris Singh - Cotton, Cotton Ginnings, Sorghum................................. (202) 720-5944
     Travis Thorson - Sunflower, Other Oilseeds..................................... (202) 720-7369

Fleming Gibson, Head, Fruits, Vegetables and Special Crops Section.................. (202) 720-2127
Joshua Bates- Almonds, Apples, Apricots, Asparagus, Carrots, Coffee, Onions,
Plums, Prunes, Sweet Corn, Tobacco.................................................. (202) 720-4288
 Vincent Davis - Dry Beans, Garlic, Hazelnuts, Honeydews, Kiwifruit, Lettuce,
Maple Syrup, Mint, Pears, Sweet Cherries, Tart Cherries, Tomatoes................... (202) 720-2157
     Fleming Gibson - Cauliflower, Celery, Grapefruit, Lemons, Macadamia,
Mandarins and tangerines, Mushrooms, Olives, Oranges................................ (202) 720-5412
     Greg Lemmons -Cranberries, Cucumbers, Pistachios, Potatoes, Pumpkins, 
Raspberries, Squash, Strawberries, Sugarbeets, Sugarcane, Sweet Potatoes,
Tame Blueberries, Wild Blueberries.................................................. (202) 720-4285
     Dan Norris - Artichokes, Cantaloupes, Dry Edible Peas, Green Peas, Lentils,
          Nectarines, Papayas, Peaches, Snap Beans, Spinach, Walnuts, Watermelons .. (202) 720-3250
     Fleming Gibson - Avocados, Bell Peppers, Broccoli, Cabbage, Chickpeas, 
Chile Peppers, Dates, Floriculture, Grapes, Hops, Pecans............................ (202) 720-2127

Access to NASS Reports

For your convenience, you may access NASS reports and products the following 
ways:

 	All reports are available electronically, at no cost, on the NASS web 
site: www.nass.usda.gov

 	Both national and state specific reports are available via a free e-
mail subscription. To set-up this free subscription, visit 
www.nass.usda.gov and click on "National" or "State" in upper right 
corner above "search" box to create an account and select the reports 
you would like to receive.

 	Cornell's Mann Library has launched a new website housing NASS's and 
other agency's archived reports. The new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. All email subscriptions containing 
reports will be sent from the new website, 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu. To continue receiving the reports via 
e-mail, you will have to go to the new website, create a new account 
and re-subscribe to the reports. If you need instructions to set up an 
account or subscribe, they are located at: 
https://usda.library.cornell.edu/help. You should whitelist 
notifications@usda-esmis.library.cornell.edu in your email client to 
avoid the emails going into spam/junk folders. 

For more information on NASS surveys and reports, call the NASS Agricultural 
Statistics Hotline at (800) 727-9540, 7:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. ET, or e-mail: 
nass@nass.usda.gov. 
The U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) prohibits discrimination against 
its customers, employees, and applicants for employment on the basis of race, 
color, national origin, age, disability, sex, gender identity, religion, 
reprisal, and where applicable, political beliefs, marital status, familial 
or parental status, sexual orientation, or all or part of an individual's 
income is derived from any public assistance program, or protected genetic 
information in employment or in any program or activity conducted or funded 
by the Department. (Not all prohibited bases will apply to all programs 
and/or employment activities.) 
If you wish to file a Civil Rights program complaint of discrimination, 
complete the USDA Program Discrimination Complaint Form (PDF), found online 
at www.ascr.usda.gov/filing-program-discrimination-complaint-usda-customer, 
or at any USDA office, or call (866) 632-9992 to request the form. You may 
also write a letter containing all of the information requested in the form. 
Send your completed complaint form or letter to us by mail at U.S. Department 
of Agriculture, Director, Office of Adjudication, 1400 Independence Avenue, 
S.W., Washington, D.C. 20250-9410, by fax (202) 690-7442 or email at 
program.intake@usda.gov.